How hadiths insult and demonise the Prophet

How hadiths insult and demonise the Prophet

 
In our study on The Muhammad of the Quran, along with True Muhammad versus False Muhammad, we observed that Muhammad is better represented by the Quran – an existentialist document and an authenticated, contemporary diary that instantaneously records Muhammad’s ongoing experience during his prophetic mission to the Arabs and the world – rather than by all those legends, rumours and anecdotes of contradictory hadiths and sira, written centuries after his time on the basis of long chains of unreliable oral transmissions, distorted by amnesia, confabulations and conjectures, often with dubious motives and intentions.

Now, looking into all those recorded rumours and trashes contained in hadith books that both idolize and demonise the Prophet Muhammad, we can see why the Quran presaged the Hadith-whisperers as Prophet’s enemy (6:112; cf. 25:30-31; 7:194-204). And why the most aggressive weapon in the hands of the Islamophobes to attack Islam is Hadith.

The Quran testifies to the high moral character of Muhammad (e.g., 68:4). Contrast this with the examples below that demonstrate how hadiths, including the so-called sahih hadiths, constantly insult and demonise him:

  1. Muhammad is a torturer
  2. Muhammad is a plunderer
  3. Muhammad is a warmonger
  4. Muhammad is a mass murderer
  5. Muhammad is an aggressor
  6. Muhammad orders to burn people and houses with fire
  7. Muhammad orders to kill apostates
  8. Muhammad is a terrorist
  9. Muhammad orders to kill someone who posed no threat
  10. Muhammad allows killing through deception and lying
  11. Muhammad promotes rape of female captives of war
  12. Muhammad is a hate-preacher
  13. Muhammad is an anti-Semite
  14. Muhammad is suicidal
  15. Muhammad is bewitched
  16. Muhammad suffers from delusion and hallucination
  17. Muhammad is a megalomaniac
  18. Muhammad is a sex maniac
  19. Muhammad fondles his wives while in menses
  20. Muhammad promotes polygyny
  21. Muhammad is a wife beater
  22. Muhammad allows wife beating
  23. Muhammad is a male chauvinist
  24. Muhammad portrays women as inferior
  25. Muhammad makes women slaves to their husbands
  26. Muhammad insults and derogates women
  27. Muhammad is a rapist
  28. Muhammad is a homophobe
  29. Muhammad is a cross-dresser
  30. Muhammad is a deceiver
  31. Muhammad is a hypocrite
  32. Muhammad is a liar and oath-breaker
  33. Muhammad forgets his promise
  34. Muhammad is dispraised
  35. Muhammad is unjust and holds double standard
  36. Muhammad gives himself extra favours
  37. Muhammad is a nepotist
  38. Muhammad and his companions prosper through war booties
  39. Muhammad is a music hater
  40. Muhammad lacks sense of humour
  41. Muhammad laughs at genitals of a killed man
  42. Muhammad laughs while cursing Jews
  43. Muhammad laughs at someone’s dream of having head cut off
  44. Muhammad is a hater of art
  45. Muhammad breaks all statues, icons and images
  46. Muhammad asks to destroy heads of statues even if not idols
  47. Muhammad is a hater of dogs
  48. Muhammad is a paedophile
  49. Muhammad is a child abuser
  50. Muhammad is a child killer
  51. Muhammad promotes slavery and okays flogging of slaves
  52. Muhammad is a slave trader
  53. Muhammad calls debtors liars and promise-breakers
  54. Muhammad condones violence during prayer
  55. Muhammad makes contradictory comments
  56. Muhammad is a briber
  57. Muhammad is Mary’s Husband
  58. Muhammad is a racist
  59. Muhammad is a white man
  60. Muhammad is ungrateful
  61. Muhammad spits into drinks
  62. Muhammad spits on child’s face and mouth
  63. Muhammad spits into wounds
  64. Muhammad spits into eyes
  65. Muhammad spits on dead body
  66. Muhammad is dwarf and fat
  67. Muhammad is unclean and has lice in his head
  68. Muhammad makes unscientific statements
  69. Muhammad fabricates the Quran
  70. Muhammad discriminates between messengers

 

1. Muhammad is a torturer

Some people of ‘Ukl or ‘Uraina tribe came to Medina and its climate did not suit them. So the Prophet ordered them to go to the herd of (Milch) camels and to drink their milk and urine (as a medicine). So they went as directed and after they became healthy, they killed the shepherd of the Prophet and drove away all the camels. The news reached the Prophet early in the morning and he sent (men) in their pursuit and they were captured and brought at noon. He then ordered to cut their hands and feet (and it was done), and their eyes were branded with heated pieces of iron, They were put in ‘Al-Harra’ and when they asked for water, no water was given to them.” Narrated by Abu Qilaba, attributed to Anas. Bukhari 1:4:234; also Bukhari 7:71:590

The Messenger said, “Get him away from me and cut off his tongue.” Ishaq:595

2. Muhammad is a plunderer

The Prophet (sa) said, “My livelihood is under the shade of my spear, and he who disobeys my orders will be humiliated by paying Jizya.” Footnote: “Under the shade of my spear” means “from war booty”. Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar. Bukhari 4:88

3. Muhammad is a warmonger

Expeditions Led by Allah’s Messenger: In this year, according to all Sira writers, the Messenger personally led the Ghazwa of Alwa. (A Ghazwa is an Islamic Invasion in Allah’s cause consisting of an army unit led by the Prophet himself.) He left Sa’d in command of Medina. On this raid his banner was carried by Hamzah. He stayed out for fifteen days and then returned to Medina. The Messenger went on a Ghazwa at the head of two hundred of his companions in October, 623 and reached Buwat. His intention was to intercept a Quraysh caravan with a hundred men and twenty-five hundred camels. Tabari, Vol.7, p.15

4. Muhammad is a mass murderer

The Jews were made to come down, and Allah’s Messenger imprisoned them. Then the Prophet went out into the marketplace of Medina, and he had trenches dug in it. He sent for the Jewish men and had them beheaded in those trenches. They were brought out to him in batches. They numbered 800 to 900 boys and men. Ishaq 464; also Bukhari 5:59:362 and Muslim 19:4364

5. Muhammad is an aggressor

God’s Messenger said: “I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight against the people until they testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle, and offer the prayers perfectly and give the obligatory charity, so if they perform that, then they save their lives and property from me except for Islamic laws and then their reckoning (accounts) will be done by Allah.” Reported by Ibn Umar. Bukhari 1:2:24

6. Muhammad orders to burn people and houses with fire

Allah’s Messenger sent us in a mission (i.e. an army-unit) and said, “If you find so-and-so and so-and-so, burn both of them with fire.” When we intended to depart, Allah’s Messenger said, “I have ordered you to burn so-and-so and so-and-so, and it is none but Allah Who punishes with fire, so, if you find them, kill them.” Narrated by Abu Huraira. Bukhari 4:52:259

The Prophet said, “Certainly I decided to order the Mu’adh-dhin (call-maker) to pronounce Iqama and order a man to lead the prayer and then take a fire flame to burn all those who had not left their houses so far for the prayer along with their houses.” Narrated Abu Huraira. Bukhari 1:11:626

7. Muhammad orders to kill apostates

The Prophet said, “If somebody (a Muslim) discards his religion, kill him.” Reported by Ikrima, attributed to Ali. Bukhari 4:52:260

Allah’s Messenger (sa) said, “The blood of a Muslim who confesses that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that I am His Apostle, cannot be shed except in three cases: In Qisas for murder, a married person who commits illegal sexual intercourse and the one who reverts from Islam (apostate) and leaves the Muslims.” Narrated by `Abdullah. Bukhari 9:83:17

8. Muhammad is a terrorist

Allah’s Messenger said, “I have been sent with the shortest expressions bearing the widest meanings, and I have been made victorious with terror (cast in the hearts of the enemy), and while I was sleeping, the keys of the treasures of the world were brought to me and put in my hand.” Abu Huraira added: Allah’s Messenger has left the world and now you, people, are bringing out those treasures (i.e. the Prophet did not benefit by them). Narrated Abu Huraira. Bukhari 4:52:220

9. Muhammad orders to kill someone who posed no threat

An infidel spy came to the Prophet while he was on a journey. The spy sat with the companions of the Prophet and started talking and then went away. The Prophet said (to his companions), “Chase and kill him.” So, I killed him. The Prophet then gave him the belongings of the killed spy (in addition to his share of the war booty). Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa. Bukhari 4:52:286

10. Muhammad allows killing through deception and lying

The Prophet said, “Who is ready to kill Ka’b bin Ashraf (i.e. a Jew).” Muhammad bin Maslama replied, “Do you like me to kill him?” The Prophet replied in the affirmative. Muhammad bin Maslama said, “Then allow me to say what I like.” The Prophet replied, “I do (i.e. allow you).” Narrated Jabir. Bukhari 4:52:271

11. Muhammad promotes rape of female captives of war

We got female captives in the war booty and we used to do coitus interruptus with them. So we asked Allah’s Messenger about it and he said, “Do you really do that?” repeating the question thrice, “There is no soul that is destined to exist but will come into existence, till the Day of Resurrection.” Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri. Bukhari 7:62:137

Narrated Buraida: The prophet sent Ali to Khalid to bring the Khumus ((one fifth) of the booty) and I hated Ali, and Ali had taken a bath (after a sexual act with a slave girl from the Khumus). I said to Khalid, “Don’t you see this (i.e. Ali)?” When we reached the prophet I mentioned that to him. He said, “O Buraida! Do you hate Ali?” I said, “Yes” He said, “Do you hate him, for he deserves more than that from the Khumus.” Bukhari 5:59:637

12. Muhammad is a hate-preacher

The Prophet said: The best of the actions is to love for the sake of Allah and to hate for the sake of Allah. Abu Dawud 40:4582

The Prophet said: If anyone loves for Allah’s sake, hates for Allah’s sake, gives for Allah’s sake and withholds for Allah’s sake, he will have perfect faith. Narrated by Abu Umamah. Abu Dawud 40:4664

Allah’s Messenger said: Do not salute them (non-Muslims) first, and when you meet them on the road, force them to go to the narrowest part of it. Reported by Abu Hurayrah. Abu Dawud 41:5186; also Muslim 26:5389 and 26:5390

13. Muhammad is an anti-Semite

The Messenger (sa) said: The last hour would not come unless the Muslims will fight against the Jews and the Muslims would kill them until the Jews would hide themselves behind a stone or a tree and a stone or a tree would say: Muslim, or the servant of Allah, there is a Jew behind me; come and kill him. Narrated Abu Huraira. Muslim 41:6985, Bukhari 4:56:791

The Prophet said, “A group of Israelites were lost. Nobody knows what they did. But I do not see them except that they were cursed and changed into rats, for if you put the milk of a she-camel in front of a rat, it will not drink it, but if the milk of a sheep is put in front of it, it will drink it.” Narrated Abu Huraira. Bukhari 4:54:524

The Prophet burned the garden of date palms of (the Jewish tribe) Bani an-Nadir. Reported by Ibn Umar. Bukhari 4:52:263

14. Muhammad is suicidal

After a few days Waraqa died and the Divine Inspiration was also paused for a while and the Prophet became so sad as we have heard that he intended several times to throw himself from the tops of high mountains and every time he went up the top of a mountain in order to throw himself down, Gabriel would appear before him and say, “O Muhammad! You are indeed Allah’s Messenger in truth” whereupon his heart would become quiet and he would calm down and would return home. And whenever the period of the coming of the inspiration used to become long, he would do as before, but when he used to reach the top of a mountain, Gabriel would appear before him and say to him what he had said before. Bukhari 9:87:111

15. Muhammad is bewitched

Once the Prophet was bewitched so that he began to imagine that he had done a thing which in fact he had not done. Narrated Aisha. Bukhari 4:53:400

A Jew from Banu Zuraiq who was called Labid b. al-A’sam cast spell upon Allah’s Messenger (sa) with the result that he felt that he had been doing something whereas in fact he had not been doing that. (This state of affairs lasted) until one day or during one night Allah’s Messenger (sa) made supplication (to dispel its effects). Reported by A’isha. Muslim 26:5428

16. Muhammad suffers from delusion and hallucination

Jabir b. Samura reported Allah’s Messenger (sa) as saying: I recognise the stone in Mecca which used to pay me salutations before my advent as a Prophet and I recognise that even now. Muslim 30:5654

Narrated ‘Aisha: Allah’s Messenger said, “O Aisha! This is Gabriel sending his greetings to you.” I said, “Peace, and Allah’s Mercy be on him.” ‘Aisha added: The Prophet used to see things which we used not to see. Bukhari 8:73:220

17. Muhammad is a megalomaniac

The Prophet said: None of you will have faith till he loves me more than his father, his children and all mankind. Narrated Anas. Bukhari 1:2:14; also Bukhari 1:2:13

Narrated Abu Said Al-Mualla: While I was praying, the Prophet passed by and called me, but I did not go to him till I had finished my prayer. When I went to him, he said, “What prevented you from coming?” I said, “I was praying.” He said, “Didn’t Allah say: O you who believes Give your response to Allah and to His Messenger (8.24)?” Bukhari 6:60:226; also Bukhari 6:60:1 and Bukhari 6:60:170

The Prophet said: I have been given five things which were not given to any one else before me. 1. Allah made me victorious by awe by His terrorizing my enemies. 2. The earth has been made for me. 3. Booty has been made lawful for me yet it was not lawful for anyone else before me. 4. I have been given the right of intercession. 5. Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only but I have been sent to all mankind. Bukhari 1.331

18. Muhammad is a sex maniac

The Prophet used to pass by (have sexual relation with) all his wives in one night, and at that time he had nine wives. Narrated Anas bin Malik. Bukhari 7:62:142

Anas bin Malik said: “The Prophet used to visit all his wives in a round, during the day and night and they were eleven in number.” I asked Anas, “Had the Prophet the strength for it?” Anas replied, “We used to say that the Prophet was given the strength of thirty (men).” Narrated Qatada. Bukhari 1:5:268

Allah’s Messenger (sa) saw a woman, and so he came to his wife, Zainab, as she was tanning a leather and had sexual intercourse with her. He then went to his Companions and told them: The woman advances and retires in the shape of a devil, so when one of you sees a woman, he should come to his wife, for that will repel what he feels in his heart. Narrated Jabir. Muslim 8:3240

Then we reached Khaibar; and when Allah enabled him to conquer the Fort (of Khaibar), the beauty of Safiya bint Huyai bin Akhtab was described to him. Her husband had been killed while she was a bride. So Allah’s Messenger selected her for himself and … took her for his wife. Narrated Anas bin Malik. Bukhari 4:52:143

19. Muhammad fondles his wives while in menses

‘Aisha said, “Whenever Allah’s Apostle wanted to fondle anyone of us during her periods (menses), he used to order her to put on an Izar and start fondling her.” ‘Aisha added, “None of you could control his sexual desires as the Prophet could.” Reported by Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Aswad on the authority of his father. Bukhari 1:6:299

20. Muhammad promotes polygyny

The Prophet said, “Solomon (the son of) David said, ‘Tonight I will sleep with seventy ladies each of whom will conceive a child who will be a knight fighting for “Allah’s Cause.’ His companion said, ‘If Allah will.’ But Solomon did not say so; therefore none of those women got pregnant except one who gave birth to a half child.” The Prophet further said, “If the Prophet Solomon had said it (i.e. ‘If Allah will’) he would have begotten children who would have fought in Allah’s Cause.” Shuaib and Ibn Abi Az-Zinad said, “Ninety (women) is more correct (than seventy).” Narrated by Abu Huraira. Bukhari 4:55:635

Narrated Said bin Jubair: Ibn ‘Abbas asked me, “Are you married?” I replied, “No.” He said, “Marry, for the best person (i.e., Muhammad) of this nation of all Muslims, had the largest number of wives.” Bukhari 7:62:7

21. Muhammad is a wife beater

Narrated ‘A’isha: The Messenger of Allah (sa) … struck me on the chest which caused me pain (when she left the house one evening without his permission). Muslim 4:2127

22. Muhammad allows wife beating

The Prophet (sa) said: A man will not be asked as to why he beat his wife. Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab. Abu Dawud 11:2142 and 11:2141; also Ibn Majah 3:9:1986

A woman came to the messenger and begged him to stop her husband from beating her. Her skin was bruised so badly that it was greener than the green veil she was wearing. The messenger did not admonish her husband, but instead told her to return to him and submit to him as long as he is not impotent. On seeing her bruises, Aisha said, ‘I have not seen any woman suffering as much as the believing women’. (summarised) Bukhari 7:72:715; also Muslim 4:2127

When Umar came to the messenger of Allah (sa) and said: Women have become emboldened towards their husbands, he gave permission to beat them. Reported by Iyas bin ‘Abd Allah bin Abi Dhubab. Abu Dawud 2141; also Ibn Majah 9:1985

23. Muhammad is a male chauvinist

Allah’s Messenger said, “Evil omen is in the women, the house and the horse.” Narrated Abdullah bin ‘Umar. Bukhari 7:62:30; also Bukhari 7:62:31 and 7:62:32

“After me I have not left any affliction more harmful to men than women.” Narrated Usama bin Zaid, attributed to the Prophet. Bukhari 7:62:33

“I stood at the gate of Paradise and saw that the majority of the people who entered it were the poor … Then I stood at the gate of the Fire and saw that the majority of those who entered it were women.” Narrated by Usama, attributed to the Prophet. Bukhari 7:62:124

The tradition (of the Prophet) is that if someone marries a virgin and he has already a matron wife (with him), then he should stay with the virgin for seven days; and if someone marries a matron (and he has already a virgin wife with him) then he should stay with her for three days. Narrated by Anas. Bukhari 7:62:140

When the Prophet heard the news that the people of the Persia had made the daughter of Khosrau their Queen (ruler), he said, “Never will succeed such a nation as makes a woman their ruler.” Narrated by Abu Bakra. Bukhari 92:50

24. Muhammad portrays women as inferior

The Prophet said (to some women), “Is not the evidence of two women equal to the witness of one man?” They replied in the affirmative. He said, “This is the deficiency in her intelligence. Isn’t it true that a woman can neither pray nor fast during her menses?” The women replied in the affirmative. He said, “This is the deficiency in her religion.” Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri. Bukhari 1:6:301

The Prophet said (to some women), “Isn’t the witness of a woman equal to half of that of a man?” The women said, “Yes.” He said, “This is because of the deficiency of a woman’s mind.” Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri. Bukhari 3:48:826

25. Muhammad makes women slaves to their husbands

“A woman should not fast except with her husband’s permission if he is at home (staying with her).” Narrated by Abu Huraira, attributed to the Prophet. Bukhari 7:62:120

“If a man invites his wife to sleep with him and she refuses to come to him, then the angels send their curses on her till morning.” Narrated by Abu Huraira, attributed to the Prophet. Bukhari 7:62:121

“If a woman spends the night deserting her husband’s bed (does not sleep with him), then the angels send their curses on her till she comes back (to her husband).” Narrated by Abu Huraira, attributed to the Prophet. Bukhari 7:62:122

“It is not lawful for anyone to prostrate to anyone. But if I would have ordered any person to prostrate to another, I would have commanded wives to prostrate to their husbands because of the enormity of the rights of husbands over their wives.” Ibn Majah 1:595

“No human should prostrate to another, and if it were permissible for a human to prostrate to another I would have ordered a wife to prostrate to her husband because of the enormity of his rights over her. By God, if there is an ulcer excreting puss from his feet to the top of his head, and she licked it for him she would not fulfill her rights.” Reported by Anas b. Malik, attributed to the Prophet. Ibn Hanbal, Musnad 3:200

“If a woman dies while her husband was pleased with her, she will enter Paradise.” Narrated by Umm Salamah, attributed to the Prophet. Tirmidhi 286

26. Muhammad insults and derogates women

“Prayer is invalidated by (the passage of) a woman, a donkey and a dog.” Narrated by Abu Hurayrah, attributed to the Prophet. Muslim 511; also Bukhari 1:9:490

“Finding a good woman among women is similar to finding a white crow among a hundred crows.” Attributed to the Prophet. Bukhari, Ahmad b. Hanbal’s Musnad, Nisa’I, cited by al-Ghazali

“If the body of the husband is covered with pus and his wife licks it with her tongue, she still will not be able to pay her debt to him.” Attributed to the Prophet. Ahmad b. Hanbal’s Musnad, 12153; al-Jaami’, 7725

“The woman is like a rib; if you try to straighten her, she will break. So if you want to get benefit from her, do so while she still has some crookedness.” Narrated by Abu Huraira, attributed to the Prophet. Bukhari 7:62:113

“I advise you to take care of the women, for they are created from a rib and the most crooked portion of the rib is its upper part; if you try to straighten it, it will break, and if you leave it, it will remain crooked, so I urge you to take care of the women.” Narrated by Abu Huraira, attributed to the Prophet. Bukhari 7:62:114

“The stipulations most entitled to be abided by are those with which you are given the right to enjoy the (women’s) private parts (i.e. the stipulations of the marriage contract).” Narrated by ‘Uqba, attributed to the Prophet. Bukhari 7:62:81

27. Muhammad is a rapist

When Allah’s Messenger saw her (Safiya), he said (to Dihya): Take any other woman from among the prisoners. … He then granted her emancipation and married her (Muhammad takes Safiya after battle of Khaibar for himself from Dihya who had already chosen her). Muslim 008:3325. A long narration of this alleged event is also found in Bukhari 1:8:367

28. Muhammad is a homophobe

The Prophet (sa) said: There is nothing I fear for my ummah more than the deed of the people of Loot. Narrated by Jaabir. Tirmidhi 1457

29. Muhammad is a cross-dresser

The Prophet said (to Um Salamah): O Um Salama! Do not hurt me with Aisha; for by Allah, the inspiration did not descent on me while I was in the coverings (lihaf) of any of you (women) except Aisha. Narrated by Abdullah ibn Abdel Wahab. Bukhari 3941

30. Muhammad is a deceiver

I am the best of plotters. I deceived them with My guile so that I delivered you from them. Ishaq:323

31. Muhammad is a hypocrite

The Messenger of Allah forbade facing the Qiblah when urinating. But I saw him, one year before he died, facing the Qiblah (while urinating). Narrated by Jabir. Ibn Majah 1:325:1

The Prophet got married while he was in the state of Ihram. Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas. Bukhari 7:62:49 (in a state of ihram, the focus should be God, not marriage)

32. Muhammad is a liar and oath-breaker

We stayed for a short while, and then I said to my companions, “Allah’s Messenger has forgotten his oath. By Allah, if we do not remind Allah’s Messenger of his oath, we will never be successful.” So we returned to the Prophet and said, “O Allah’s Messenger! We asked you for mounts, but you took an oath that you would not give us any mounts; we think that you have forgotten your oath.’ He said, ‘It is Allah Who has given you mounts. By Allah, and Allah willing, if I take an oath and later find something else better than that then I do what is better and expiate my oath.’ Narrated by Zahdam. Bukhari 7:67:427

33. Muhammad forgets his promise

They came to the messenger and called upon him to answer these questions. He said to them, ‘I will give you your answer tomorrow,’ but he did not say, ‘if God will.’ So they went away; and the messenger, so they say, waited for fifteen days without a revelation from God on the matter, nor did Gabriel come to him, so that the people of Mecca began to spread evil reports, saying, ‘Muhammad promised us an answer on the morrow, and today is the fifteenth day we have remained without an answer.’ Sirat Rasul Allah, p. 133

34. Muhammad is dispraised

Allah’s Messenger said: Doesn’t it astonish you how Allah protects me from the Quraish’s abusing and cursing? They abuse Mudhammam and curse Mudhammam while I am Muhammad (and not Mudhammam). Narrated by Abu Huraira. Bukhari 4:56:733

35. Muhammad is unjust and holds double standard

If one murders a Muslim, he should be killed for retribution, but if he murders a disbeliever, he is fine and no retribution is required:

The Messenger of Allah said: It is not permissible to kill a Muslim except in one of three cases: A adulterer who has been married, who is to be stoned; a man who kills a Muslim deliberately; and a man who leaves Islam and wages war against Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, and His Messenger, who is to be killed, crucified or banished from the land. Narrated by ‘Aishah. Nasa’i 5:45:4747

The Prophet (sa) said: A believer should not be killed in retaliation for the murder of a disbeliever, and a person who has a treaty should not be killed during the time of the treaty. Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas. Ibn Majah 3:21:2660

36. Muhammad gives himself extra favours

Muhammad is teased by his wife when he allegedly gives himself extra privileges and immunities, through convenient revelations:

Narrated Aisha: I used to look down upon those ladies who had given themselves to Allah’s Messenger and I used to say, “Can a lady give herself (to a man)?” But when Allah revealed: “You (O Muhammad) can postpone (the turn of) whom you will of them (your wives), and you may receive any of them whom you will; and there is no blame on you if you invite one whose turn you have set aside (temporarily).’ (33.51) I said (to the Prophet), “I feel that your Lord hastens in fulfilling your wishes and desires.” Bukhari 6:60:311

37. Muhammad is a nepotist

I heard Allah’s Messenger who was on the pulpit, saying, “Banu Hisham bin Al-Mughira have requested me to allow them to marry their daughter to Ali bin Abu Talib, but I don’t give permission, and will not give permission unless ‘Ali bin Abi Talib divorces my daughter in order to marry their daughter, because Fatima is a part of my body, and I hate what she hates to see, and what hurts her, hurts me.” Narrated by Al-Miswar bin Makhrama. Bukhari 7:62:157

38. Muhammad and his companions prosper through war booties

Whenever a dead man in debt was brought to Allah’s Messenger he would ask, “Has he left anything to repay his debt?” If he was informed that he had left something to repay his debts, he would offer his funeral prayer, otherwise he would tell the Muslims to offer their friend’s funeral prayer. When Allah made the Prophet wealthy through conquests, he said, “I am more rightful than other believers to be the guardian of the believers, so if a Muslim dies while in debt, I am responsible for the repayment of his debt, and whoever leaves wealth (after his death) it will belong to his heirs.” Narrated by Abu Huraira. Bukhari 3:37:495

One of the arguments put forward by Umar was that he said that the Messenger of Allah (sa) received three things exclusively to himself: Banu an-Nadir, Khaybar and Fadak. The Banu an-Nadir property was kept wholly for his emergent needs, Fadak for travellers, and Khaybar was divided by the Messenger of Allah (sa) into three sections: two for Muslims, and one as a contribution for his family. If anything remained after making the contribution of his family, he divided it among the poor Emigrants. Narrated by Umar ibn al-Khattab, attributed to Malik ibn Aws al-Hadthan. Abu Dawud 19:2961

Whenever Allah’s Messenger (sa) ordered us to give in charity, we used to go to the market and work as porters and get a Mudd (a special measure of grain) and then give it in charity. (Those were the days of poverty) and today some of us have one hundred thousand. Narrated by Abu Masud Al-Ansar. Bukhari 2:24:497

39. Muhammad is a music hater

The Messenger of Allah said: Among my ummah there will certainly be people who permit zinaa, silk, alcohol and musical instruments… Bukhari 75:5590

Allah’s Messenger (sa) said: The bell is the flute of Satan. Reported by Abu Huraira. Muslim 024:5279; Abu Dawud

The Messenger of Allah said: When my Ummah begin doing fifteen things, they will be inflicted with tribulations, and (from those 15 things He said): When female singers and musical instruments become common. Reported by Ali ibn Talib. Tirmidhi

The Messenger of Allah said: Song makes hypocrisy grow in the heart as water does herbage. Reported by Abd Allah ibn Mas’ud. Bayhaqi

The Messenger of Allah said: On the day of Resurrection, Allah will pour molten lead into the ears of whoever sits listening to a songstress. Reported by Anas. Ibn Asakir & Ibn al-Misri

Ibn ‘Umar heard a woodwind instrument, and he put his fingers in his ears and kept away from that path. He said to me, O Naafi’, can you hear anything? I said, No. So he took his fingers away from his ears and said: I was with the Prophet (sa) and he heard something like this, and he did the same thing. Narrated by Naafi’. Abu Dawud

40. Muhammad lacks sense of humour

The Prophet (sa) said: If you knew that which I know, you would laugh little and weep much. Narrated by Anas. Bukhari 8:76:493

41. Muhammad laughs at genitals of a killed man

When a polytheist set fire to (i. e. attacked fiercely) the Muslims, Allah’s Messenger (sa) said to him (Sa’d): shoot an arrow. (Sa’d said) … I drew an arrow and I shot a featherless arrow at him aiming his side that he fell down and his private parts were exposed. Allah’s Messenger (sa) laughed that I saw his front teeth. Reported by ‘Amir b. Sa’d on the authority of his father. Muslim 31:5932

42. Muhammad laughs while cursing Jews

Ibn ‘Abbas reported: I saw the Messenger of Allah (sa) sitting neat the Black stone (or at a corner of the Ka’bah). He said: He (the Prophet) raised his eyes towards the heaven, and laughed, and he said: May Allah curse the Jews! He said this three times. Abu Dawud 23:3481

43. Muhammad laughs at someone’s dream of having head cut off

Jabir reported that a person came to Allah’s Messenger (sa) and said: Allah’s Messenger, I have seen in the state of sleep as if my head had been cut off. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (sa) laughed and said: When the satan plays with any one of you in the state of sleep, do not mention it to the people. Muslim 29:5642

44. Muhammad is a hater of art

I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sa) say: The people who will be the most severely punished before Allah on the Day of Resurrection will be the image makers. Narrated by ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood. Bukhari 5606; Muslim 2109

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Those who make these images will be punished on the Day of Resurrection. It will be said to them, Give life to that which you have created! Narrated by ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar. Bukhari 5607; Muslim 2108

The Messenger of Allah (sa) said: Allah, Most High said: And who is more unjust than those who try to create the likeness of My creation? Let them create a seed or a small ant! Narrated by Abu Hurairah. Bukhari 5609; Muslim 2111

45. Muhammad breaks all statues, icons and images

The Messenger of Allah never left in his house anything containing the figure of a cross without destroying it. Narrated by ‘Aisha. Abu Dawud 34:132

Ali said to Abu Al-Hayyaj Al-Asadi: I am dispatching you with what the Prophet dispatched me: That you not leave an elevated grave without levelling it nor an image without erasing it. Narrated by Abu Wa’il. Jami at-Tirmidhi 10:85

The Prophet entered Mecca and (at that time) there were three hundred-and-sixty idols around the Ka’ba. He started stabbing the idols with a stick he had in his hand and reciting: “Truth (Islam) has come and Falsehood (disbelief) has vanished.” Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin Masud. Bukhari 3:43:658

46. Muhammad asks to destroy heads of statues even if not idols

The Messenger of Allah said: Gabriel came to me and said: I came to you last night and was prevented from entering simply because there were images at the door, for there was a decorated curtain with images on it in the house, and there was a dog in the house. So order the head of the image which is in the house to be cut off so that it resembles the form of a tree; order the curtain to be cut up and made into two cushions spread out on which people may tread; and order the dog to be turned out. The Messenger of Allah then did so. Narrated by Abu Hurayrah. Abu Dawud 34:139

47. Muhammad is a hater of dogs

The Prophet said: Angels do not enter a house which has either a dog or a picture in it. Narrated by Abu Talha. Bukhari 4:54:539

Allah’s Messenger ordered that the dogs should be killed. Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar. Bukhari 4:54:540

Allah’s Messenger said: If somebody keeps a dog, he loses one Qirat (of the reward) of his good deeds everyday, except if he keeps it for the purpose of agriculture or for the protection of livestock. Narrated by Abu Huraira. Bukhari 4:54:541

48. Muhammad is a paedophile

A’isha reported: Allah’s Messenger married me when I was six years old, and I was admitted to his house when I was nine years old. Muslim 8:3310

49. Muhammad is a child abuser

The Prophet (sa) said: Command a boy to pray when he reaches the age of seven years. When he becomes ten years old, then beat him for prayer. Narrated by As-Saburah. Abu Dawud 2:494 and 2:495

50. Muhammad is a child killer

Narrated Atiyyah al-Qurazi: I was among the captives of Banu Qurayzah. They (the Companions) examined us, and those who had begun to grow hair (pubes) were killed, and those who had not were not killed. I was among those who had not grown hair. Muslim 38:4390

Narrated As-Sab bin Jaththama: The Prophet passed by me at a place called Al-Abwa or Waddan, and was asked whether it was permissible to attack the pagan warriors at night with the probability of exposing their women and children to danger. The Prophet replied, “They (i.e. women and children) are from them (i.e. pagans).” Bukhari 4:52:256

51. Muhammad promotes slavery and okays flogging of slaves

The Prophet said: If a slave serves his master sincerely and worships his Lord (Allah) perfectly, he will get a double reward. Reported by Abdullah. Bukhari 3:46:726; also Bukhari 3:46:722, Bukhari 3:46:727

The Prophet said: None of you should flog his wife as he flogs a slave and then have sexual intercourse with her in the last part of the day. Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin Sam’a. Bukhari, 7:62:132; also Bukhari, 8:73:68

52. Muhammad is a slave trader

A man pledged that his slave would be manumitted after his death. The Prophet asked, “Who will buy the slave from me?” No’aim bin ‘Abdullah bought the slave and the Prophet took its price and gave it to the owner. Narrated by Jabir bin ‘Abdullah. Bukhari 3:41:588

53. Muhammad calls debtors liars and promise-breakers

The Prophet said, “A person in debt tells lies whenever he speaks, and breaks promises whenever he makes (them).” Reported by Aisha. Bukhari 1:12:795

54. Muhammad condones violence during prayer

The Prophet said: If while you are praying, somebody intends to pass in front of you, prevent him; and should he insist, prevent him again; and if he insists again, fight with him (i.e. prevent him violently e.g. pushing him violently), because such a person is (like) a devil. Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri. Bukhari 4:54:495

55. Muhammad makes contradictory comments

Two men came from the east and delivered speeches, and the Prophet (sa) said: Some eloquent speech has the influence of magic. Bukhari 7:62:76

The Prophet (sa) said: I have been given the keys of eloquent speech and given victory with terror. Bukhari 9:87:127

But elsewhere he allegedly condemns people who are gifted with this magic of eloquent speech:

The Messenger of Allah (sa) said: Allah the Exalted hates the eloquent one among men who moves his tongue round, as cattle do. Abu Dawood 5005

56. Muhammad is a briber

So the Quraish and the Ansar became angry and said, “He (i.e. the Prophet) gives the chief of Najd and does not give us.” The Prophet said, “I give them so as to attract their hearts (to Islam). Bukhari 4:55:558

57. Muhammad is Mary’s Husband

The Messenger said: In heaven, Mary mother of Jesus, will be one of my wives. al-Siyuti 6/395

The Messenger said: God married me in paradise to Mary the daughter of ‘Imran and to the wife of Pharaoh and the sister of Moses. Tabarani

58. Muhammad is a racist

Allah’s Messenger said, “You should listen to and obey, your ruler even if he was an Ethiopian slave whose head looks like a raisin.” Narrated by Anas bin Malik. Bukhari 9:89:256; also Bukhari 1:11:662 and 1:11:664

59. Muhammad is a white man

While we were sitting with the Prophet in the mosque, a man came riding on a camel. He made his camel kneel down in the mosque, tied its foreleg and then said: “Who amongst you is Muhammad?” At that time the Prophet was sitting amongst us leaning on his arm. We replied, “This white man reclining on his arm.” The man then addressed him, “O Son of ‘Abdul Muttalib.”… Narrated by Anas bin Malik. Bukhari 1:3:63

60. Muhammad is ungrateful

People used to come from their abodes and from Al-‘Awali (i.e. outskirts of Medina up to a distance of four miles or more from Medina). They used to pass through dust and used to be drenched with sweat and covered with dust; so sweat used to trickle from them. One of them came to Allah’s Messenger who was in my house. The Prophet said to him, “I wish that you keep yourself clean on this day of yours (i.e. take a bath).” Narrated by Aisha. Bukhari 2:13:25

61. Muhammad spits into drinks

Then Allah’s Messenger (sa) called for a cup of water and washed his hands in that and face too and put the saliva in it and then said: Drink out of it and pour it over your faces and over your chest and gladden yourselves. Muslim 44:236

62. Muhammad spits on child’s face and mouth

Narrated Mahmud bin Rabi`a: When I was a boy of five, I remember, the Prophet (sa) took water from a bucket with his mouth and threw it on my face. Bukhari 1:3:77

The first child born in the Islamic Land (i.e. Medina) amongst the Emigrants was `Abdullah bin Az-Zubair. They brought him to the Prophet. The Prophet (sa) took a date, and after chewing it, put its juice in his mouth. So the first thing that went into the child’s stomach, was the saliva of the Prophet. Narrated by Aisha. Bukhari 5:58:249; also Muslim 2148

63. Muhammad spits into wounds

Narrated Yazid bin Abi Ubaid: I saw the trace of a wound in Salama’s leg. I said to him, “O Abu Muslim! What is this wound?” He said, “This was inflicted on me on the day of Khaibar and the people said, ‘Salama has been wounded.’ Then I went to the Prophet (sa) and he puffed his saliva in it (i.e. the wound) thrice, and since then I have not had any pain in it till this hour.” Bukhari 5:59:517

64. Muhammad spits into eyes

They said: Allah’s Messenger, his (‘Ali’s) eyes are sore. He then sent for him and he was brought and Allah’s Messenger (sa) applied saliva to his eyes and invoked blessings and he was all right. Reported by Sahl b. Sa’d. Muslim 44:53

65. Muhammad spits on dead body

The Prophet (sa) came to (the grave of) `Abdullah bin Ubai after his body was buried. The body was brought out and then the Prophet (sa) put his saliva over the body and clothed it in his shirt. Narrated by Jabir. Bukhari 2:23:360

66. Muhammad is dwarf and fat

I saw AbuBarzah who came to visit Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad. Then a man named Muslim who was there in the company mentioned it to me. When Ubaydullah saw him, he said: This Muhammad of yours is a dwarf and fat. The old man (i.e. AbuBarzah) understood it. So he said: I did not think that I should remain among people who would make me feel ashamed of the company of Muhammad (sa). Thereupon Ubaydullah said: The company of Muhammad (sa) is a honour for you, not a disgrace. Narrated by AbuBarzah, attributed to AbdusSalam ibn AbuHazim AbuTalut. Abu Dawud 40:4731

The messenger made for a rock on the mountain to climb it. He had become heavy by reason of his age, and moreover he had put on two coats of mail, so when he tried to get up he could not do so. Talha b. ‘Ubaydullah squatted beneath him and lifted him up until he settled comfortably upon it. Ibn Ishaq

67. Muhammad is unclean and has lice in his head

Allah’s Messenger used to visit Um Haram bint Milhan, who would offer him meals. Um-Haram was the wife of Ubada bin As-Samit. Allah’s Messenger, once visited her and she provided him with food and started looking for lice in his head. Narrated by Anas bin Malik. Bukhari 4:52:47

68. Muhammad makes unscientific statements

The Prophet said: If a housefly falls in the drink of anyone of you, he should dip it (in the drink), for one of its wings has a disease and the other has the cure for the disease. Narrated by Abu Huraira. Bukhari 4:54:537

Allah’s Messenger said: The first portent of the Hour will be a fire that will bring together the people from the east to the west; the first meal of the people of Paradise will be Extra-lobe (caudate lobe) of fish-liver. As for the resemblance of the child to its parents: If a man has sexual intercourse with his wife and gets discharge first, the child will resemble the father, and if the woman gets discharge first, the child will resemble her. Narrated by Anas. Bukhari 4:55:546

The Prophet said: Fever is from the heat of the hellfire; so abate fever with water. Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar. Bukhari 4:54:486

Narrated Abu Dharr: I was sitting behind the Messenger of Allah who was riding a donkey while the sun was setting. He asked: Do you know where this sets? I replied: Allah and his Apostle know best. He said: It sets in a spring of warm water. Abu Dawud 4002

69. Muhammad fabricates the Quran

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: During the lifetime of the Prophet we used to avoid chatting leisurely and freely with our wives lest some Divine inspiration might be revealed concerning us. But when the Prophet had died, we started chatting leisurely and freely (with them). Bukhari 7:62:115

70. Muhammad discriminates between messengers

The Prophet said: I am the most honourable messenger; on the Day of Judgement only I will think of my people. Bukhari 97:36

A Muslim and a Jew quarreled. The Muslim taking an oath, said, “By Him Who has preferred Muhammad over all people…!” The Jew said, “By Him Who has preferred Moses, over all people.” The Muslim raised his hand and slapped the Jew who came to the Prophet to tell him what had happened between him and the Muslim. The Prophet said, “Don’t give me superiority over Moses, for the people will become unconscious (on the Day of Resurrection) and I will be the first to gain consciousness to see Moses standing and holding a side of Allah’s Throne. I will not know if he has been among those people who have become unconscious; and that he has gained consciousness before me, or he has been amongst those whom Allah has exempted.” Narrated by Abu Huraira. Bukhari 4:55:620

 

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Common sense prohibits Hadith

Common sense prohibits Hadith

 
Below we will briefly recall some of the reasons why our common sense doesn’t allow us to accept Hadith as a divine source of guidance:

Hadiths are unreliable due to their questionable ways of oral transmission

Hadiths are hearsays and gossips passed along from mouth to mouth from generation to generation about the Prophet’s alleged words and deeds. Recorded centuries after the alleged events on the basis of long chains of unreliable oral transmissions, these words of mouth must have been naturally and almost certainly distorted by amnesia, confabulations and conjectures. And also must have been too often tainted with dubious motives and intentions, further complicated by the power struggles, theological disputes and conflicts of interests. Not to spotlight the other serious issues involved with the very large time-gap in the long chain between their alleged first oral narrations and their eventual recordings in writing.

Most hadiths were allegedly transmitted by juvenile whisperers and collected by unrelated outsiders

Most of the Hadith literature can be traced to five individuals: Abu Hurairah (was 19 y.o. when the Prophet died; knew him for 3 years; a storyteller who was accused by several notable sahaba as a ‘liar’), Aisha (was 18 y.o. when the Prophet died; one of his wives; got involved in the ‘power struggle’), Anas ibn Malik (was 20 y.o. when the Prophet died; worked as his servant), Abdullah ibn Umar (was 22 y.o. when the Prophet died) and Ibn Abbas (was 9 or 14 y.o. when the Prophet died). Thus, most of what is passed on to us as the secondary source of Islam is mainly based on the recollection of immature minds, of teens and early twenties, including some with controversial credentials. Then, when we look at the collectors of hadith, we observe that all the six major sets of Hadith were actually compiled by Persians and not by Arabs who had direct lineage and knowledge of the Prophet’s life.

All Muslims, including all hadith collectors, are hadith rejecters to various extents

Ahmed Ibn Hanbal collected about 700,000 hadiths and rejected 94% of them as unreliable. Bukhari collected about 600,000 hadiths and rejected more than 99% of them as fabricated. Muslim collected 300,000 hadiths and rejected almost 99% of them as false or dubious. Tirmizi collected 300,000 hadiths and rejected about 99% of them as unreliable. Abu Dawood collected 500,000 hadiths and rejected over 99% of them as fabricated. We get similar statistics about other hadith collectors.

Both Sunni and Shia hadith collections lose their credibility as they widely differ while rejecting hadiths of each other

Sunnis use the six major hadith collections based on the narrators and transmitters who, in the disputes over leadership following the demise of the Prophet, took the side of Abu Bakr (and Aisha) and Umar rather than Ali. Shias, on the other hand, totally reject all these six collections as unreliable and corrupted and prefer narrations sourced to Ali and ‘Ahl e Bayt’ and their supporters. Thus Shias have their own extensive hadith collections including ‘The Four Books’, which were compiled by three authors known as the ‘Three Muhammads’ and which were followed by extensive commentaries by later authors and clerics. These striking differences can be explained by those socio-political rows during the earlier centuries of Islam and the related sectarian bias.

Hadith too often contradicts not only the Quran but also itself, as well as logic, common sense and universal values

The criteria used by the hadith collectors to judge authenticity of individual hadith texts (matn) and their chains of transmitters (isnad) suffer from serious limitations. This explains why hadiths, even the so-called sahih hadiths, are so much contradictory and confused. They too often contradict the Quran, contradict other hadiths, contradict logic and common sense and also contradict the universal values of humanity including the basic human decency. These points are well addressed in numerous recent studies, including ‘The Criminals of Islam’ by Dr Shabbir Ahmed and ‘Hadith: A Re-Evaluation’ by Kassim Ahmad.

Here are two good links for quick reference:

Bukhari Hadith by Joseph Islam

Why Trash All the Hadiths? by Edip Yuksel

Common sense prohibits Hadith 2

Earlier Muslims prohibited hadiths

Earlier Muslims prohibited hadiths

 
It is traditionally accepted that the earliest criticism of Hadith goes back to the Prophet himself as he allegedly prohibited recording of hadiths. Also, his immediate successors, the first four Caliphs, reportedly banned and burnt all hadith materials as they tried to prevent creation of secondary authorities next to the Quran.

Then, along with these successors, many other prominent sahaba, including Ibn Abbas, Abdullah bin Masood, Abdullah bin Omar, Abu Saeed Khudri and Zaid bin Sabit, allegedly held this same vociferous opposition to the narration or writing of the Hadith. Here are a few examples:

When Zaid bin Sabit the calligrapher, after he was called by Caliph Mur’waan, saw some people writing down hadiths, he said, “It is quite possible that the tradition may not have been explained to you in the same way as it has been written.” (Jama e Biyaan ul Ilm)

When Zaid bin Sabit had to go to Amir Mua’wiyya, he asked him for a hadith which Zaid explained. The Amir asked a person to write it. Zaid took it from the person who had written the hadith and erased it. He said, it was Messenger’s order not to write anything about him. (Abu Dawood, kitabb ul Ilm)

A collection was brought before Abdullah bin Masood, that contained some hadiths. He incinerated them and said, “I beg you for God’s sake, whoever has any knowledge of any person in possession of hadith, must let me know, so that I may reach him. Those before you with Divine Books have been annihilated because of this habit. They forgot about the Book of God”. (Jama e Biyaan ul Ilm)

Ibn Abbas prevented others from writing of hadith. He warned them that previous nations were destroyed due to causes like this, as he used to say: “The communities before you swerved from the right path because of books they wrote like yours.” The same was the situation with Abdullah bin Omar. (Jama e Biyaan ul Ilm)

When Shaddad asked Ibn Abbas whether the Prophet had left anything behind, he replied: “Only what are inscribed between the pages on the Quran.” (Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood)

Abu Nazra asked Abu Saeed Khudri if he could write the hadiths that he heard from his lips? He replied, “Do you intend to make manuscripts?” (Jama e Biyaan ul Ilm)

After the sahaba, many tabieen, i.e., companions of the companions, such as Allqa, Musrooq, Qasim S’bee, Mansoor, Mugheera, Umsh and many others, as well as many tabe tabieen, reportedly considered recording and following of the Hadith as religiously illegitimate.

As suggested by further reports, this same negative attitude towards hadiths continued to be DOMINANT among earlier generations of Muslims in general. During this period, the strongest opposition to hadiths was expressly maintained by many who adhered to groups like Ahl al-Kalam, Kharijite, Khazimiyya, Haruri and Mutazilites, as well as many academic scholars of the time, with strident examples like the Kharijite Abd Allah Ibn Ibad and the Mutaziltes al-Nazzam. As Michael Cook demonstrates1:

“Opposition to writing (of hadiths) was once both general and prevalent: general in the sense that it is attested for all major centres of Muslim learning (including Basra, Kufa, Medina, Mecca, Yemen and Syria), and prevalent in the sense that it was the norm from which those who wished to sanction the writing of Tradition were departing.”

Apparently by violating this strict prohibition by the Prophet and his closest companions and followers, hadiths gradually surfaced as the so-called second source of Islam, through the process of unreliable oral transmission and fabrication, and then endlessly mushroomed in an almost endless number over a period of many decades. Understandably, this tremendous volume of oral hearsays so much overwhelmed the then hadith scholars that, in order to judge and distinguish between the so-called ‘true’ and ‘false’ hadiths, they were left with no option other than desperately relying on some further hearsays accompanied by their own speculation. Cross-analysis of many historical sources including the Hadith demonstrates how – under the influence of various complex factors along with the typical political foul play of the time – all the orthodox schools of Islamic thought, including the initially Quran-centric Hanafi, were gradually swept over by the growing Hadith-centric principles of Shafi and, consequently, Muslims of later centuries eventually became diverted from the original Quran-centric teachings of Islam due to their increasing reliance on Hadith.

On this issue, “Hadith as Scripture” by Prof. Aisha Musa is an invaluable research work, which Arnold Yasin Mol reviews as follows (part):

“Without a doubt Prof. Musa shows that the proponents of Hadith as divine authority were the new kids on the block around 800CE as their writings show they were trying to convince the majority of Muslims to accept Hadith as divine. The famous Kitab Jima al-Ilm (The book of the amalgamation of Knowledge) and other works by Imam Shafi are written as a response to other writings which professed the Qur’an alone as divine source and authority. And thus show Qur’an alone was not only present in early Islam, but also dominant among Muslims. It is amazing also to know that no scrap of writing has remained of these Qur’an “alone” scholars. Which in my eyes not only show political influence in the debate (the rulers clearly wanted no traces remained), but also that the arguments supporting Hadith were not as strong as the majority believes. The following of Hadith became dominant as there was no literature remaining that attacked this view. … “The role they (the Hadith) have played has been so influential for so long that both Muslims and non-Muslims alike generally assume they have always uncontested authority. However, a survey of Islamic history shows that the Hadith did not always enjoy such widespread acceptance and authority. … Ignorance of these early disputes has contributed to the common misconception that opposition to the Hadith as an authoritative scriptural source of law and guidance is a modern-day, Western, Orientalist-influenced heresy.” (Introduction to the book)

Some Islamic scholars have suggested that the original anti-hadith stance by the earlier generations of Muslims led to the ‘Golden Age of Islam’, as the Quran was able to stand up to critical thinking and questioning; and Muslims were thus schooled to be inquisitive and to seek answers to every quandary. Even Jim Al-Khalili, a secular British physicist, noticed2:

“Clearly, the scientific revolution of the Abbasids would not have taken place if not for Islam – in contrast to the spread of Christianity over the preceding centuries, which had nothing like the same effect in stimulating and encouraging original scientific thinking. The brand of Islam between the beginning of the ninth and the end of the 11th century was one that promoted a spirit of free thinking, tolerance and rationalism. The comfortable compatibility between science and religion in medieval Baghdad contrasts starkly with the contradictions and conflict between rational science and many religious faiths in the world today.”

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1 The Muslim opposition to the writing of hadith in early Islam by Michael Cook

2 It’s time to herald the Arabic science that prefigured Darwin and Newton

Why the Arabic world turned away from science

Further reading:

The Quran prohibited hadiths

Hadith prohibited Hadith

The first four Caliphs prohibited hadiths

The Quran exposes hadith, sunna, ijma, sharia and salaf

The Quran exposes hadith, sunna, ijma, sharia and salaf 

The Quran exposes hadith, sunna, ijma, sharia and salaf by negatively spotlighting these exact words

The word ‘hadith’ (saying, narration)1, whenever appears in the Quran to denote anything besides the Quran, in all the 20 instances, is always used in a negative sense and in a tone of strong disapproval. Also, whenever a statement in the Quran disapproves all ‘hadiths’ other than ‘God’s hadith’ (4:87; i.e., the Quran), it always appears in a context that condemns shirk or association with God, the only unforgivable sin in Islam (4:48; cf. 4:116, 39:65, 6:88). Thus, by negatively spotlighting the exact word ‘hadith’, the Quran exposes the whole hadith corpus as an illegitimate addition to Islam.

Similarly, the singular word ‘sunna’ (law, way)2, in all its 14 occurrences in the Quran, also appears always in a negative setting, usually in reference to God’s law or sunnat Allah, which is manifested as the divine law of requital when it involves human actions (8:38, 15:13, 17:77, 18:55, 33:38, 33:62, 35:43, 40:85, 48:23; cf. 3:137, 4:26, 6:34, 6:115, 10:64, 18:27). Exemplified by sunnat al-awalyn (the law/enactment of previous generations, 8:38, 15:13)3, it inflicted penalty on the transgressing ancients as a consequence of their rejection of the messages to follow God’s law. It is but the same strictly immutable natural law of cause-and-effect that governs the whole Universe and life without being interrupted by any interference (cf. 2:7, 13:11). This consistent Quranic use of the word sunna, solely in conjunction with God, confirms God’s sunna as the only valid sunna and hence obliquely denounces belief in any other ‘sunna’ as shirk. And this explains why the Quran never uses ‘sunna’ in connection with Muhammad or any other messenger. Rather the followers of man-made sunna, including “Muhammad’s sunna”, receives a stern warning in this verse, which uses the exact word ‘sunna’ to depict, elliptically, the moral penalty they deserved: Are they now but looking for the sunna inflicted on the ancients? For no change will you ever find in God’s sunna, nor will you find any deviation in God’s sunna. 35:43. The message is simple: if you play with fire, you will get burned, through natural law, in the same way as your predecessors!

Then the word ‘ijma’ (consensus) or any of its derivatives, whenever appears in the Quran to denote any consensus other than God’s, in all the occurrences, is always used within a negative context, which, apart from a disapproving tone, condemns any such consensus as shirk (3:157; 3:173; 7:48; 10:58; 10:71; 12:15; 17:88; 20:60; 20:64; 22:73; 26:38; 26:39; 26:56; 28:78; 43:32; 54:44; 54:45; 70:18; 104:2). Please note that ‘ijma’ (consensus) traditionally means ‘consensus in opinion of the legalists’ and is regarded as the third fundamental source of Sharia law, i.e., another fabricated religious authority or idol.

The word ‘sharia’ (legislation), when it denotes a fabricated legislation not authorized by the Divine, is attached with a negative connotation, again with a reference to shirk: Or do they have shurakao (associates) who decree for them a sharia which has not been authorized by God? 42:21; cf. 42:13, 5:48, 7:163, 45:18.

The word ‘salaf too, in the same way, has a negative connotation in the Quran: So We made them salaf (a thing of the past) and a parable for later generations. 43:56; cf. 8:38.

All these specific occurrences of the words hadith, sunna, ijma, sharia and salaf, to our understanding, are something more than a coincidence. Rather they seem to be related to an important prophetic feature of the Quran: its insightful presage that future Muhammadans would corrupt Islam by fabricating secondary and tertiary authorities besides the Quran and would label them with the trademarks of these particular words.

Summary

The Quranic wisdom seems to have presaged and condemned the concepts hadith, sunna, ijma, sharia and salaf – by naming and shaming them in advance.

 

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Note 1

Here are a few studies on the occurrences of the word ‘hadith’ in the Quran:

The Quran prohibited hadiths

The Quran disapproves all hadiths other than the Quran

The Quran describes Hadith as satanic revelation

The Quran relates Hadith to shirk

Note 2

The word ‘sunna’ (law, way) in the Quran:

Say to the ingrates: If they cease, then what has passed before will be forgiven to them, and if they return to it, then the sunna of the ancients will they face. 8:38

Any messenger that came to them, they would mock him./ We thus let it pervade the hearts of the guilty. / Who do not acknowledge it, while the sunna of the ancients has been brought to them. 15:11-13

And they nearly frightened you to drive you out of the land. But in that case, they would have shortly been destroyed after you were gone./ Such is the sunna in the case of those We sent before you of Our messengers. And you will not find any change in Our sunna. 17:76-77

And what prevents people from acknowledging when the guidance has come to them, and to seek forgiveness from their Sustainer? Are they waiting for the sunna of the ancients to befall them, or that the retribution be brought to them face to face? 18:55

There is no blame on the prophet in doing anything that God has decreed upon him. Such was God’s sunna with the ancients. God’s command is a duty determined. 33:38

Humiliated, they shall be seized wherever found and slain one and all./ Such is God’s sunna with those who have passed away before, and you will not find any change in God’s sunna. 33:61-62

Arrogance on Earth, and evil scheming… The evil schemes only backfire on those who scheme them. Are they now but looking for the sunna inflicted on the ancients? For no change will you ever find in God’s sunna, nor will you find any deviation in God’s sunna. 35:43

But their acknowledgement could not help them once they saw Our might. Such is God’s sunna that has been established with His servants. The ingrates were then totally in loss. 40:85

If the ingrates had fought you, they would have turned and ran, then they would have found neither an ally nor a victor./ Such is God’s sunna with those who have passed away before, and you will not find any change in God’s sunna. 48:22-23

Note 3

The word ‘sunan’ (ways, plural of sunna) occurs twice in the Quran:

Many sunan (ways of life/God’s laws/enactments) have passed away before you, so travel through the Earth and behold what happened in the end to the deniers. 3:137

God wills to clarify to you (O you who acknowledge) and guide you to/by the sunan (ways/enactments) of those from before you, and turn to you in mercy: for God is All-knowing, All-wise. 4:26

Thus, while the Quran never uses the singular word sunna for other than God to denote a positive path, it uses once the plural word sunan in a probably positive sense in connection to previous generations (4:26).

The Quran relates Hadith to shirk

The Quran relates Hadith to shirk

 
Earlier we noted that wherever the word ‘HADITH’ appears in the Quran to denote anything besides the Quran – in all the 20 instances – it is ALWAYS used in a negative sense and in a tone of strong disapproval. See The Quran prohibited hadiths and The Quran disapproves all hadiths other than the Quran

Now we will look into another interesting finding:

Wherever the word ‘HADITH’ appears in the Quran to denote anything besides the Quran (the Best Hadith) – in all the 20 instances – it ALWAYS occurs in a context that condemns SHIRK or association with God.

Below we will try to read all these verses in context and observe how the Quran relates Hadith to shirk:

The Quran endorses no hadith except the divine hadith, the Quran

But they cannot hide any HADITH from God. …

Indeed God does not pardon that anything should be associated with Him, but He pardons all besides that, for whom He wills. And whoever associates with God anything has certainly devised an offense tremendous. …

Did you not see those who were given a portion of the book, they believe in superstition and evil. …

What is amiss with these people, they do not understand a HADITH ? …

Do they not study the Quran? And if it were from any other than God they would have certainly found therein many contradictions. …

God, there is no god but He. He will most certainly gather you on the Resurrection Day, no doubt of it. And whose HADITH is more truthful than God’s? 4:42, 48, 51, 78, 82, 87

Please see the repeated recurrence of the word ‘hadith’ and note how the context associates ‘hadith’ with polytheism and dogmas, concocted by false sources claiming to be divine. Also note how the context condemns shirk as the only unforgivable sin in Islam (4:48; cf. 4:116, 39:65, 6:88).

The Quran denounces hadiths as they mock God’s messages

As for those who ally themselves with the rejecters rather than the acknowledgers – do they seek dignity with them, when, behold, all dignity belongs to God alone?

It has been sent down to you in the Book, that when you hear God’s messages being rejected and ridiculed in, then do not sit with them until they move on to a different HADITH. …

As for those who repent, amend, hold fast to God, and devote their system to God alone; these will be with those who acknowledge. 4:139-140, 146

Here the Quran denounces ‘hadiths’ that ‘reject and ridicule’ the messages of the Quran (‘a different hadith’). Note how the word ‘hadith’ is associated with shirk, or deviation from God alone.

The Quran asks to keep distance from hadithmongers

And when you see those who engage in mocking Our messages, then turn away from them until they move on to a different HADITH. …

Say: Shall we call upon other than God what cannot benefit us or harm us, and we turn back on our heels after God has guided us? …

‘Surely I have turned my face, being upright, wholly to Him who originated the Heavens and the Earth, and I am not of those who associate’. 6:68, 71, 79

Once again, the Quran portrays Hadith as a deviation from the Quran (‘a different hadith’). Note how the word ‘hadith’ appears in a context that condemns shirk and how this is in line with its wider context, the sura 6 itself. The latter insists on the oneness of God; highlights the humanness of Muhammad; and confirms that the messenger delivered only the Quran. See Understanding chapter 6 from Abraham’s perspective  and The Quran describes Hadith as satanic revelation

The Quran predicts that Muslim polytheists would call their forged teachings hadith

As for those who give the lie to Our messages, We shall bring them low, step by step, by ways which they know not. …

… Then in which HADITH after this will they believe?

Whoever God misguides, then there is none to guide him; and He leaves them blundering in their transgression.

They ask you regarding the Hour: When will it come to pass? Say, Its knowledge is with my Lord, none can reveal its time except Him. …

Say: I do not possess for myself any benefit or harm, except what God wills.

… Do they associate those who do not create anything, while they are created?

They cannot help them, nor can they help themselves? …

Verily, those whom you call on besides God are servants, the likes of you: call on them then, and let them answer you, if you are truthful. 7:182, 185-188, 191-192, 194

Note how the word ‘hadith’ appears in a context that condemns shirk.

The Quran distances itself from all hadiths

The majority of them will not acknowledge God without setting up associates.

… This is not a fabricated HADITH, but a confirmation of what is before it, and a detailed explanation of everything, and a guide and a mercy to a people acknowledging. 12:106, 111

Note how the word ‘hadith’ appears in a context that condemns shirk.

The sole emphasis of the Quran is on the Quran only, and not on any hadith

Praise be to God who sent down the book to His servant, and allowed no flaw in it …

And to warn those who said: God has taken a son. …

Should you grieve yourself to death if they believe not in this HADITH? 18:1, 4, 6

Note how the word ‘hadith’ appears in a context that condemns shirk.

The Quran warns that hadiths would degrade Muhammadans

Then sent We Our Messengers successively; whenever there came to a nation its Messenger they cried him lies, so We made them follow one another in ruin and We made them HADITHS; so away with a people who acknowledge not! …

O messengers, enjoy of the good things and do right; surely I know what you do.

And certainly, this community of yours is one community and I am your Sustainer. So, remain conscious of Me.

But they split in their affair between them into sects, each rejoicing in what is with them. …

And those who acknowledge the messages of their Sustainer,

And they do not associate with their Sustainer. 23:44, 51-53, 58-59

Evidently, by basing their religion on baseless hadiths, Muhammadans themselves have turned into ‘hadiths’, meaning in this context ‘folk tales or outdated stories of the past’. Note how the word ‘hadith’ appears in a context that condemns shirk and its by-product, sectarianism.

The Quran warns that hadithmongers would import corruption in Islam

And among the people there are those who purchase baseless HADITHS to divert from the way of God without knowledge, making mockery of it. For those is a humiliating retribution.

And when Our messages are recited to him, he turns away arrogantly as if he did not hear them, as if there is deafness in his ears. So announce to him a painful retribution. …

This is God’s creation: show Me then what those besides Him have created. Nay, the unjust are in manifest error. 31:6-7, 11

Note how the word ‘hadith’ occurs in a context that condemns shirk.

The Quran discourages listening to hadiths

And do not obey the rejecters and the hypocrites, and disregard their abuses, and put your trust in God alone; for God is enough as trustee. …

O you who acknowledge, do not enter the Prophet’s dwellings unless invited. … When you finish dining, you shall leave, without staying to wait for a HADITH 

People ask thee about the Hour. Say: The knowledge of it is with God alone; and what makes thee to know whether the Hour is near! 33:48, 53, 63

Note how the word ‘hadith’ occurs in a context that describes the Prophet as a mere human, and not an associate with the Divine.

The Quran warns that hadiths would split up Muhammadans into sects

And they were unjust to themselves so We made them HADITHS and scattered them with an utter scattering. …

Say: Call upon those whom you assert besides God; they have no power on an atom’s weight in the Heavens or in the Earth nor have they any share in either, nor is any of them an auxiliary to Him. 34:19, 22

Compare the above with 23:44-54 and note how the word ‘hadith’ occurs in a context that disapproves the attribution of divine qualities to humans, while dismissing the belief in intercessions as absurd.

The Quran highlights its consistency, which makes it different from all other hadiths

God has been sending down the best HADITH, a Book fully consistent in its oft-repeating, whereat shiver the skins of those who of their Sustainer stand in awe. … And whomever God leaves astray, for him there is none to guide. …

God cites a parable of a man belonging to many disputing partners and a man belonging to one master. Are they the same? Praise be to God; but most of them know not. …

Is God not sufficient for His servant? They frighten you with others beside Him. And whomever God leaves astray, for him there is none to guide. 39:23, 29, 36

Note how the word ‘hadith’ appears in a context that condemns shirk. The above verses are scanned from 39:23-36, which can be summarised as follows: As a complete and consistent guide, originating from one divine source – the Quran, the best hadith, doesn’t require all those contradictory hadiths, wrongly attributed to the messenger, who is misperceived as an earthly associate of God.

The Quran challenges the idea that it needs hadith as a supplement

These are God’s messages that We recite unto thee in truth. So, in which HADITH after God and His messages will they believe?

Woe to every guilty fabricator;

He hears God’s messages recited unto him, yet persists arrogantly, as if he had not heard them: then give him tidings of a painful retribution!

And if he learns anything from Our messages, he takes it for a jest. For these is a humiliating retribution.

Awaiting them is inferno; and what they earned will avail them not, nor will the allies whom they had taken besides God, and for them is an awesome retribution. 45:6-10

It is interesting to observe that the Quran here not only condemns hadith straightaway by its name, but also calls it a blasphemous fabrication against God’s messages (i.e. the Quran; cf. 26:222). Note how the word ‘hadith’ appears in a context that condemns shirk.

The Quran insists that it is very different from all other hadiths

Then let them produce a HADITH like this, if they are truthful. …

Or are thy Sustainer’s treasures with them, or are they in charge?

Or have they a stairway whereby they overhear (Heaven’s secrets)? Then let their overhearer bring an authority clear! …

Or is the Unseen with them so they can write it down? …

Or have they a god, other than God? Glory be to God, above that which they associate! 52:34, 37-38, 41, 43

Note how the word ‘hadith’ appears in a context that condemns shirk.

The Quran constantly highlights only one hadith, i.e. the Quran itself

Approaching is the Approaching;

None except God can disclose it.

Do you then find this HADITH strange?

And you laugh and not weep?

Just insisting on your ways?

You rather prostrate to God and serve Him alone. 53:57-62

Note how the word ‘hadith’ occurs in a context that denounces shirk.

The Quran declares that minds polluted with hadiths cannot grasp the Quran

It is indeed an honourable Quran,

In a Book well-protected/covered.

None can grasp it except the purified.

A descent from the Sustainer of the worlds!

Are you disregarding this HADITH?

And make your denial your livelihood? 56:77-82

So, none can touch (grasp) the Quran and its ‘covered’ messages in particular (56:78), except those who approach it with an open mind, purified (‘mutahharoon’) from false gods, misconceptions and bias. Note how the word ‘hadith’ occurs in a context that denounces ‘contamination with false gods’ (alluded by the term ‘purified’).

The Quran criticizes sharing, reporting and spreading of hadiths

O you Prophet, why do you prohibit what God has made lawful for you? …

When the Prophet disclosed a HADITH to one of his wives, then one of them spread it, and God let him know about it, he recognized part of it and denied part. …

They could not help them at all against God. 66:1, 3, 10

The above text dismisses the idea that the Prophet was a second author in divine legislation (66:1); spotlights the fallibility of hadiths due to its dubious mode of transmission (66:3); and shatters the myth of intercession (66:10). Note how the word ‘hadith’ thus occurs in a context that disapproves ‘association with God’.

The Quran predicts the gradual downfall of the hadith-following Muhammadans

Should We treat the submitters like the evildoers?

What is wrong with you then, how do you judge?

Or do you have another Book which you study?

In it you find all that you may wish to find?

Or do you have an oath from Us, reaching to the resurrection day, that you can judge as you please?

Ask them which of them will be a guarantor for this.

Or do they have divine associates? Then let them bring their associates, if they are truthful.

The day comes when they are exposed, and they are required to prostrate (to God alone), but they are unable to.

With their eyes subdued, abasement covers them, for they were summoned to prostrate while they were sound.

So leave Me alone with him who gives the lie to this HADITH. We shall bring them low, step by step, by ways which they know not. 68:35-44

Note how the word ‘hadith’ occurs in a context that condemns ‘shirk’ and that contains a prophetic description of the hadith-following Muhammad-worshippers, while predicting their ‘step by step’ material and spiritual downfall (cf. 7:182-185; 45:6).

The Quran disapproves all hadiths other than the Quran

And now when they are told to bow down, they do not bow down (to God alone).

Woe on that Day to those who give the lie to the truth!

Then in which HADITH after this will they believe? 77:48-50

Please observe that this objection to all hadiths after the Quran appears in a context that condemns the reluctance of the polytheists to submit to one God alone (cf. 68:35-44; 7:182-185; 45:6).

SUMMARY

Wherever the word ‘HADITH’ appears in the Quran to denote anything besides the Quran (the Best Hadith) – in all the 20 instances – it ALWAYS occurs in a context that condemns SHIRK or association with God.

The Quran disapproves all hadiths other than the Quran

the-quran-disapproves-all-hadiths-other-than-the-quran

 
The Quran exposes hadith by negatively spotlighting the exact word ‘hadith’

The word ‘hadith’ has a plethora of meanings: saying, utterance, word, speech, statement, narration, story, discourse, opinion, account, etc. In its traditional usage, it describes the alleged sayings of the Prophet or narrations about him.

The word ‘hadith’ in the Quran, on the other hand, whenever appears to denote anything besides the Quran, mainly refers to fabricated teachings that illegitimately claim divine status besides the Quran.

It is interesting to observe that the Quran constantly uses the exact word ‘hadith’ in statements that strongly disapprove any ‘hadith’ as a co-authority along with the Quran.

Thus, whenever the word ‘hadith’ appears in the Quran to denote anything besides the Quran – in all the 20 instances – it is always used in a negative sense and in a tone of strong disapproval. See The Quran prohibited hadiths.

Also, whenever a statement in the Quran disapproves all ‘hadiths’ other than ‘God’s hadith’ (4:87), i.e. the Quran, it always appears in a context that condemns ‘shirk’ or ‘association with God’, the only unforgivable sin in Islam (4:48; cf. 4:116, 39:65, 6:88). See The Quran relates Hadith to shirk.

Please note that, while the Quran thus exposes hadith by unfavourably spotlighting the exact word ‘hadith’ (saying, narration), it chooses it out of dozens of Arabic words that convey a similar meaning. For example, qawl (word), khabar (message, news), hikma (wise saying), athaar (teaching, tradition) and so on.

Curiously, this Quranic condemning of ‘hadiths’, by using the exact word ‘hadith’, was centuries before any of the alleged sayings of the Prophet or narrations about him was ever referred to as hadith! This is another example how the divine wisdom invariably selects the right word.

Later on, the transmitters and collectors of hadiths, while mocking the messages of the Quran, followed the destiny when, ironically, they cherry-picked this particular word ‘hadith’ to label their hearsay materials as the second divine source of Islam. This demonstrates not only the falsity and self-deception of hadithism, but also its lack of understanding of a very central Quranic message that strongly disapproves any ‘hadith’ other than the Quran.

Please mark this tacit consensus among the hadith narrators on the use of the same word ‘hadith’, i.e. the exact word that the Quran chose to expose hadith, out of so many Arabic synonyms with a similar meaning!

Appearing to be more than a mere coincidence, this points to an important prophetic vision and one of the many ‘literary miracles’ of the Quran.

The word ‘hadith’ in the Quran has specific meaning and intent

The Quran creates its own lexicon by attaching specific contents and intents to specific words, expressions, metaphors and parables through its interactive explanatory process.

Thus, certain terms and narrations used by the Quran have their precise meanings that often transcend their popular renderings and do not necessarily or entirely conform with the conventional lexicons or earlier scriptures. These precise meanings cannot be properly grasped unless we read the texts contextually and holistically, keeping our mind free from the shackles of traditions.

For example, the term ‘colours’ in the Quran consistently implies pluralism and multifacetedness of the truth. And ‘bird’ in the Quran invariably refers to self or life-processes. In the same way, the word ‘hadith’, when occurs in the Quran to denote anything besides the Quran, contains specific meaning that surpasses the traditional dictionaries.

If we reflect on all the 20 instances where the Quran uses the word ‘HADITH’ to denote anything besides the Quran, we find that the word actually refers to manmade sayings and narrations that have the following specifics:

They are hearsays – invented, transmitted and collected by those ‘upon whom the devils descend’ (6:112; cf. 26:210-213, 221-226).

They are forged teachings that will be accepted and called by Muhammadan polytheists as ‘hadiths’ (7:185, 12:111; 31:6; 33:38; 35:43; 45:6; 52:34; 77:50).

They are ‘decorative speech’, inspired by ‘satanic whisper’, where falsehood is colourfully dressed up with deceptive half-truths to misguide people (6:68, 6:112).

They pretend to be another divine authority besides the Quran (e.g. 52:34, 4:87, 12:111) and as true as the Quran (39:18-23, 52:34, 4:87, 18:6, 77:50, 53:59).

They are ‘Devil’s babble’ that tries to silence the Quran (6:112; cf. 41:26-29, 33-36; 7:182, 185, 200-204; 16:98).

They distort and mock the actual messages of the Quran (6:68, 6:112; cf. 4:120, 140; 15:95; 31:6, 21), which is otherwise ‘a different HADITH 6:68, 4:140 ’, ‘God’s hadith 4:87’, ‘this hadith 77:50, 18:6, 53:59, 56:81’, ‘the best hadith 39:23’, ‘inimitable hadith 52:34’ and ‘not a fabricated hadith 12:111’.

They pollute the mind, interfering in its way to understand the Quran (56:79-82). One should not listen to them (33:53) and should not share, report or spread them (66:3).

They are fabricated, unlike the Quran, which therefore openly distances itself from them (12:111) and challenges the idea that it needs them as a supplement (45:6-9, 26:222).

They are baseless narratives, which will be ‘purchased’ by some people to mislead others from the divine path and import corruption into Islam (31:6). Obviously, one needs to keep away from them (4:140, 6:68).

They will degrade the Muslims and split them up into sects (23:44-54, 34:19, 68:35-44, 7:182-194).

In brief, the word ‘hadith’, when occurs in the Quran to denote anything besides the Quran, refers to fabricated teachings that illegitimately claim to be a divine authority besides the Quran. 

Looking into the above, we wonder what other thing could fit into all these descriptions, if not hadith, i.e. all those alleged sayings of the Prophet or narrations about him, traditionally accepted as the second authority of Islam?

So, what better English word could the Quranic term ‘hadith’ be translated to, if not ‘hadith’?

Why we should keep the word ‘hadith’ in Arabic

When translating the verses, we preferred to keep the word ‘hadith’ in Arabic. This is not really because ‘hadith’, like ‘quran’, has now become such a universal household word that it otherwise requires no translation! The actual reasons we left the word ‘HADITH’ in Arabic are the following:

  • The word ‘hadith’, when occurs in the Quran to denote anything besides the Quran, has a very specific meaning. This consistently alludes to the fabricated teachings, based on half-truths and hearsays, i.e. all what we traditionally know as hadith. We can acknowledge this specific meaning of ‘hadith’ by leaving the word in Arabic.
  • The word ‘hadith’, when occurs in the Quran to denote anything besides the Quran, has a very specific intent. By negatively spotlighting the exact word ‘hadith’, the Quran presagefully exposes the whole hadith corpus as an illegitimate source of religion, which would be concocted mainly to invade the integrity of the Quran. We can acknowledge this specific intent, and also highlight the related prophetic message, by leaving the word in Arabic.
  • The word ‘hadith’, when left in Arabic, can expose the evil scheme of Hadith and denounce the corruptions it brought in Islam, as anticipated in the Quran (6:112-116, 6:150, 7:182-185, 16:20-25, 16:89, 17:45-46, 25:30-31, 28:62, 28:74-75, 39:45, 68:35-44).

Why we should trash all hadiths

The Quran prohibited hadiths

Wherever the word ‘HADITH’ appears in the Quran to denote anything besides the Quran – in all the 20 instances – it is ALWAYS used in a negative sense and in a tone of strong disapproval.

Hadith prohibited Hadith

It was in accordance with the forbiddance by the Prophet not to write down any of his hadiths that we do not get any authoritative hadith book during the first two centuries of Islam.

The Quran describes Hadith as satanic revelation

The Quran predicts the invention of Hadith as an illegitimate co-authority besides the Quran and describes it as ‘satanic revelation’.

Why the Prophet prohibited hadith

The Prophet banned the recording of Hadith because he was aware of the danger that Hadith would create idols, false religions and sectarian divisions.