The Quran links the added shahada to rejection

(Reason 9 of ‘22 serious reasons shahada should contain no name except God’s’)

The Quran links the added shahada to rejection

 
Associating ‘others’ with God is a rejection of His Oneness

The Quran describes associating ‘others’ with God as rejection (kufr), i.e., a deviation from the acknowledgement (iman) of God’s absolute oneness:

This is because when God Alone was mentioned, you rejected, but when associates were included besides Him, you acknowledged. 40:12; cf. 39:45; 12:106

When God Alone is mentioned, the minds of those who do not acknowledge the End are filled with aversion; and when others are mentioned besides Him, they rejoice! 39:45

The divine wisdom seems to have apprehended that the polytheistic inclination in the majority to reject God alone and to look for associates, along with the imitating of some of the earlier religious groups, would contribute to this deviation from acknowledgement to rejection among Muhammadans, thus extending the shahada with addition/s:

The majority of them will not acknowledge God without setting up associates. 12:106

O you who acknowledge, if you obey some of those who received the Book they will turn you after your acknowledgement into rejecters! 3:100; cf. Those who rejected among the people of the Book and/i.e., the associaters … 98:1; cf. 5:48-51

Not surprisingly, as we will observe below, the Quran describes bearing witness about Muhammad as rejection, i.e., an antithesis of the acknowledgement of God’s absolute oneness.

The added shahada relates to rejection

Please note that the only instance in the Quran where Muhammad is included in ‘shahada’ is, ironically, a speech uttered by the hypocrites (63:1). This is apparently that ‘twisted speech’ (47:30), or that specific ‘mark’, whereby hypocrites can be recognized and differentiated from the true acknowledgers (29:11).

Now, while the Quran thus relates the testimony ‘Muhammadur rasulullah’ to hypocrisy, it also links it to REJECTION. Let us read the verse 63:1 in its context:

When the hypocrites come to you they say, “We bear witness that you are indeed God’s messenger.” And God knows that you are indeed His messenger, and God bears witness that the hypocrites are indeed fabricators/liars./ They have made their proclamation as a cover, thus they repel from the way of God. Miserable indeed is what they do./ That is because they acknowledged (by bearing witness that there is no god but God, 3:18), then rejected (by bearing witness that along with God there are associates, 6:19, ?by bearing witness that Muhammad is God’s messenger, 63:1, thus bearing witness over their own rejection, 9:17). Hence, their hearts are sealed, so they do not understand./ And when you see them, you are impressed by their look; and when they speak, you listen to their speech. … They are the enemies, so beware of them. 63:1-4

So, the hypocrites who proclaim the added shahada are actually those who ‘acknowledged, then rejected’. And, as disclosed below, they are the same hypocrites who ‘set up associates … while they bear witness over their own rejection’, ?because they bear witness that Muhammad is God’s messenger:

It was not for those who set up associates to maintain God’s temples while they bear witness over their own rejection (i.e., they bear witness that along with God there are other gods, 6:19, ?by bearing witness that Muhammad is God’s messenger, 63:1). For these, their works have fallen (cf. 2:38, 3:151, 39:65, 6:88), and in the fire they abide. …/ And those (hypocrites) who establish a temple to create mischief and cause rejection, to cause division among those who acknowledge, and as an outpost for those who fought God and His messenger before. They will swear that they only wanted to do good, but God bears witness that they are fabricators/liars. 9:17, 107

These verses above remind us of the current Muhammadans who maintain sectarian mosques founded on extended shahada while bearing witness about associates! It is interesting to read them together with a few other related texts, e.g.:

Then who is more evil than they who attribute their own fabrications to God or give the lie to His messages? … They will say, “Where are those whom you used to call on besides God?” they will say, “They have abandoned us!” and they bore witness against themselves that they were rejecters. 7:37

We shall throw dread into the hearts of those who rejected, because of what they have associated besides God, for which He has never sent down any authority; and their destiny is the fire; what a miserable abode for the transgressors! 3:151 (cf. 2:38)

Note the veiled association between bearing witness about Muhammad and REJECTION:

God is enough as witnessMuhammad is God’s messenger; and those who are with him are stern towards the rejecters and kind among themselves. 48:28-29

Bearing witness about Muhammad relates to fabricated teachings

Then let us look into 63:1-4 through some of its further correlations. Here we note that the hypocrites – who proclaim the added shahada despite the repeated divine decree that God is enough as witness that Muhammad was God’s messenger – fabricate false teachings (cf. fabrications in 7:37 and hadith in 6:68) and create division among people:

Those who acknowledge fight in the cause of God, while those who reject fight in the cause of evil; so fight the supporters of the DEVIL, for the planning of the DEVIL is weak. …/ And We have sent thee as a messenger to the people but God is ENOUGH as witness (so, no one else needs to bear witness about you)./ Whoever obeys the messenger has obeyed God; and whoever turns away, We have not sent you as a guardian over them./ And they say, “obedience,” but when they go away from you a faction of them spends the night in devising (teachings) other than what you tell them; and God records what they devise. So turn away from them and put your trust in God. God is enough for your trust./ Do they not study the Quran? And if it were from any other than God they would have certainly found therein many contradictions. 4:76, 79-82

The ones who break their pledge to God after making the covenant (bearing witness about God’s oneness, cf. 7:172), and cut asunder (the unity of humankind) what God has bidden to be joined, and spread corruption on Earth; these will be the losers. 2:27. Compare this with 13:20-22, 25, 33.

The passage below confirms, once again, the oft-repeated Quranic position that God is enough as witness that Muhammad was God’s messenger and expounds how bearing witness about Muhammad relates to fabricated teachings (note the word ‘hadith’):

Say: What is greatest as witness? Say: God: a witness between me and between you, and this Quran has been revealed to me that I may warn you thereby and whomever it reaches. Do you then bear witness that along with God there are other gods? Say: I do not bear witness! Say: He is only One god, and I am innocent of what you associate (e.g., the idol you make of me by associating me with God in shahada; cf. 41:6, 18:110)! … (note in the next verses: invents lies messages 6:21; associates associates 6:22; associates 6:23; lied fabricated 6:24; not acknowledgereject 6:25)/ And when you see those who engage in mocking Our messages, then turn away from them until they move on to a different HADITH; and if the DEVIL lets you forget, then, after recollection, do not stay with those unjust people. …/ Follow what has been revealed unto you from your Sustainer: ‘There is no god but He’; and turn away from those who set up associates. …/ And thus We have appointed to every prophet an enemy – DEVILS from humans and invisibles, inspiring one another with decorative speech, as delusion. Had thy Sustainer willed, they would not have done it. So disregard them and all they fabricate. …/ Say: “Bring your witnesses who bear witness that (through His associate/s, 6:19) God has forbidden this (cf. 16:35).” If they bear witness, then do not bear witness with them, nor follow the desires of those who have given the lie to Our messages, and those who do not acknowledge the End; and they make equals with their Sustainer! 6:19, 68, 106, 112, 150 (the context goes on describing the sectarians as polytheists, 6:159-164)

The added shahada shaped today’s distorted, Arabized Islam

Finally, keeping in mind 63:1-4, which relates the testimony about Muhammad to rejection and hypocrisy, please read the following:

The Arabs are harder in rejection and hypocrisy, and more liable to ignore the limits of what God has sent down upon His messenger – but God is Knower, Wise. 9:97

The above verse, if rendered figuratively (cf. 18:54), seems very prophetic as it somehow sheds light on our current world situation. Though revealed in a different historical context, it appears to be criticizing the rejection and hypocrisy of even some of the today’s Arab bigots. Instead of upholding the simple, universal messages of Oneness, as summarized in the original shahada of Islam – these stubborn sectarians are trying to dominate the Muslim world by maintaining a rigid, distorted, Arabized version of Islam, which is a byproduct of the un-Quranic, extended shahada that associates ‘others’ with God (39:45).

Summary

The Quran links the added shahada to rejection

The Quran describes associating ‘others’ with God as rejection (kufr), i.e., a deviation from the acknowledgement (iman) of God’s absolute oneness (40:12; cf. 39:45; 12:106). The divine wisdom seems to have apprehended that the polytheistic inclination in the majority to reject God alone and to look for associates, along with the imitating of some of the earlier religious groups, would contribute to this deviation from acknowledgement to rejection among Muhammadans, thus extending the shahada with addition/s (12:106, 3:100; cf. 5:48-51, 6:19).

So, while the Quran relates the testimony ‘Muhammadur rasulullah’ to hypocrisy, it also links it to REJECTION. And this explains why the hypocrites who proclaim this added shahada (63:1) are actually those who ‘acknowledged, then rejected’ (63:3). They acknowledged by bearing witness that there is no god but God (3:18). And they rejected by bearing witness that along with God there are associates (6:19), ?by bearing witness that Muhammad is God’s messenger (63:1), thus bearing witness over their own rejection (9:17; cf. 7:37, 3:151, 2:38). Please note that, as disclosed elsewhere, they are the same hypocrites who ‘set up associates … while they bear witness over their own rejection’ (9:17, 107). Also note, for instance in 48:28-29, the veiled association between bearing witness about Muhammad and REJECTION.

When we look into 63:1-4 through some of its further correlations, we observe that the hypocrites – who proclaim the added shahada despite the repeated divine decree that God is enough as witness that Muhammad was God’s messenger – fabricate false teachings and create division among people (4:79-82; 2:27; 6:19, 68, 106, 112, 150, 159-164; 9:17, 107; 13:20-22, 25, 33). These verses remind us of the current Muhammadans who maintain sectarian mosques founded on extended shahada while bearing witness about associates (cf. 9:17, 107).

Furthermore, the Quran seems to prophetically condemn the ‘rejection and hypocrisy’ of some of the today’s Arab sectarians (9:97) as they are trying to dominate the Muslim world by maintaining a rigid, distorted, Arabized version of Islam, which is a byproduct of the un-Quranic, extended shahada that associates ‘others’ with God (39:45; cf. 41:6, 18:110).