The Quran prohibited hadiths

The Quran prohibited hadith

 

WHENEVER ‘HADITH’ DENOTES ANYTHING BESIDES THE QURAN, IT IS ALWAYS CONDEMNED 

Wherever the word ‘hadith’ appears in the Quran to denote anything besides the Quran – in all the 20 instances – it is always used in a negative sense and in a tone of strong disapproval.

See: 4:42, 4:78, 4:87, 4:140, 6:68, 7:185, 12:111, 18:6, 23:44, 31:6, 33:53, 34:19, 39:23, 45:6, 52:34, 53:59, 56:81, 66:3, 68:44, 77:50.

Here are a few examples that demand thoughtful consideration:

And whose HADITH is more truthful than God’s? 4:87

Then in which HADITH after this will they believe? 7:185

This is not a fabricated HADITH, but a confirmation of what is before it, and a detailed explanation of everything, and a guide and a mercy to a people acknowledging. 12:111

And among the people there are those who purchase baseless HADITHS to divert from the way of God without knowledge, making mockery of it. 31:6

God has been sending down the best HADITH, a Book, fully consistent. 39:23

These are God’s messages that We recite unto thee in truth. So, in which HADITH after God and His messages will they believe? 45:6

Then in which HADITH after this will they believe? 77:50

Hence, this is one basic statement regarding the hadith – repeated in various ways over and over again throughout the Quran:

  • Fabi-ayyi hadeethin baAAdahu yu’minoon 7:185, 77:50

DO NOT UPHOLD any OTHER HADITH but the QURAN ONLY.

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THE MAIN OBJECTIONS THE QURAN MAKES TO HADITH

Below we will go through the main objections the Quran makes to Hadith:

THE QURAN DISAPPROVES ALL HADITHS APART FROM THE QURAN

The Quran endorses and is concerned about no other hadith but only ‘ahsana alhadeethi’ (‘the best hadith’ or ‘the better hadith’), i.e. the Quran, which is claimed to be fully consistent, in contrast to other hadiths, which are invented by many people and are, therefore, contradicting one another:

God has been sending down the best HADITH, a Book fully consistent in its oft-repeating, whereat shiver the skins of those who of their Sustainer stand in awe. 39:23

The Quran strongly maintains that it is very different from all other hadiths that Muhammadans would fabricate as illegitimate authorities besides the Quran:

Then let them produce a HADITH like this, if they are truthful. 52:34

And whose HADITH is more truthful than God’s? 4:87

This is not a fabricated HADITH, but a confirmation of what is before it, and a detailed explanation of everything, and a guide and a mercy to a people acknowledging. 12:111

Thus the sole emphasis of the Quran is on the Quran only, and not on any hadith:

Should you grieve yourself to death if they believe not in this HADITH? 18:6

Do you then find this HADITH strange? 53:59

Are you disregarding this HADITH? 56:81

Then in which HADITH after this will they believe? 77:50

THE QURAN PREDICTS THAT MUSLIM POLYTHEISTS WOULD CALL THEIR FORGED TEACHINGS HADITH

The Quran thus seems to have been aware that the so-called Muslims who would revert back to polytheism in the form of ‘Muhammadanism’ would call their forged teachings hadith (12:111; 31:6; 33:38; 35:43; 45:6; 52:34; 77:50):

Then in which HADITH after this will they believe? 7:185

Fabi-ayyi hadeethin baAAdahuyu/minoona

Here deserves serious attention the expression ‘after this’ (‘baAAdahu’), alluding to a future time in history following the Quranic revelation (cf. So what is after the Truth, except misguidance? 10:32). Please note that whenever the word hadith is used for a word other than the Quran, it is always used in a negative context.

THE QURAN DISTANCES ITSELF FROM ALL HADITHS

Below the Quran carefully separates itself from all hadiths, by claiming that it is not ‘fabricated’ like them and that, as ‘a guide and a mercy’, it is sufficiently detailed and self-explaning, so that it doesn’t require alongside any hadith:

This is not a fabricated HADITH, but a confirmation of what is before it, and a detailed explanation of everything, and a guide and a mercy to a people acknowledging. 12:111

THE QURAN INSTRUCTS TO KEEP DISTANCE FROM HADITHMONGERS WHO WOULD MOCK THE QURANIC MESSAGES AND IMPORT CORRUPTION TO ISLAM

The word hadith is used in a sense of ‘loose topic’ in the following verses, where the Quran stresses on keeping distance from those who plunge into various hadiths that actually mock the actual hadith, the Quran. Please note once again that whenever the word hadith is used in the Quran for a word other than the Quran, it is always used in a negative context:

And when you see those who engage in mocking Our messages, then turn away from them until they move on to a different HADITH. 6:68

When you hear God’s messages being rejected and ridiculed in, then do not sit with them until they move on to a different HADITH. 4:140

This allegorically discourages all ‘hadiths’ as they ‘reject and ridicule’ messages of the Quran (‘… God’s messages being rejected and ridiculed in’; cf. 31:6), which is otherwise ‘the Best Hadith’ (‘a different hadith’).

THE QURAN ALSO PREDICTS AND WARNS ABOUT IMAMS OF HADITH AND HADITHISTS

The Quran predicts and warns about Imams of Hadith and hadithists, who would invest their time in unfounded hadiths and thus would import corruption to Islam, making mockery of the Quran:

And among the people there are those who purchase baseless HADITHS to divert from the way of God without knowledge, making mockery of it. For those is a humiliating retribution. 31:6

The above verse as well as its context can be translated also in the future tense. One main reason Muslims throughout the world currently are suffering a humiliating retribution is hadithism. In order to rescue the ‘Imams’ of Hadith from the above disclosure, some commentators tried to explain away ‘baseless hadiths’ (‘Lahwal Hadith’) as music, which, obviously, makes no sense, whether linguistic or contextual. An example of the verb ‘purchase’ (‘yashtaroona’) in a similar context: They purchased error for petty gains. 4:44

THE QURAN CHALLENGES THE IDEA THAT IT NEEDS HADITH AS A SUPPLEMENT

The Quran disagrees with the hadithists who consider messages of the Quran as insufficient or incomplete, and thus resort to the hadith literature as an annexe to it:

These are God’s messages that We recite unto thee in truth. So, in which HADITH after God and His messages will they believe? 45:6

So, obeying the messenger means obeying the message of the messenger, i.e. the message of the Quran, not of any fabricated hadith.

Here demands serious attention the expression ‘after God and His messages’, alluding to a future time in history following the Quranic revelation. It is noteworthy that the verse above not only condemns ‘Hadith’ straightaway by its name, its immediate context calls it a ‘blasphemous fabrication’ or forgery and seriously warns fabricators of hadiths (cf. 26:222) about their ignoring of Quranic messages:

These are God’s messages that We recite unto thee in truth. So, in which HADITH after God and His messages will they believe?

Woe to every guilty fabricator;

He hears God’s messages recited unto him, yet persists arrogantly, as if he had not heard them: then give him tidings of a painful retribution!

And if he learns anything from Our messages, he takes it for a jest. For these is a humiliating retribution. 45:6-9

THE QURAN DECLARES THAT MINDS POLLUTED WITH HADITHS WOULD HARDLY UNDERSTAND THE QURAN

According to the passage below, those who approach the Quran with minds contaminated with man-made hadiths, preconceived notions and extrinsic material, will never correctly understand it; only those who are ‘purified’ – i.e. who approach the book with an open, unbiased mind – will be able to touch (comprehend) it:

None touches it except the purified.

A descent from the Sustainer of the worlds!

Are you disregarding this HADITH?

And make your denial your livelihood? 56:79-82

THE QURAN DISCOURAGES LISTENING TO HADITHS AND CRITICIZES THEIR SHARING, REPORTING AND SPREADING

The word ‘hadith’ occurs twice in the Quran in connection with Muhammad. One is below, which, when rendered figuratively, discourages listening to the hadiths, by discouraging ‘waiting for a hadith’ from Muhammad:

O you who acknowledge, do not enter the prophet’s dwellings unless invited. … When you finish dining, you shall leave, without staying to wait for a HADITH. 33:53

The other is below, which criticizes sharing, reporting or spreading of ‘hadiths’ heard from the Prophet:

When the prophet disclosed a HADITH to one of his wives, then one of them spread it, and God let him know about it, he recognized part of it and denied part. 66:3

Thus, one should not seek Prophet’s ‘hadiths’, i.e. his personal statements (33:53), and one should not transmit them to others (66:3).

THE QURAN WARNS THAT HADITHS WOULD DEGRADE THE MUSLIMS AND SPLIT THEM UP INTO SECTS

The verses below refer to the fact that by blindly following hadiths and basing their religion on baseless hadiths, the current Muslims themselves have turned into ‘hadiths’ (a word, which means in this context ‘folk tales or outdated stories of the past’, signifying a humiliating status) and have divided themselves into sects:

Then sent We Our Messengers successively; whenever there came to a nation its Messenger they cried him lies, so We made them follow one another in ruin and We made them HADITHS; so away with a people who acknowledge not! …

But they split up their affair among themselves into sects, each faction rejoicing in what is with them.

So leave them in their ignorance until a time. 23:44, 53-54

The verse below, which is an interesting summary of the passage above, further foreshadows this degradation of the current Muslims, together with their splitting up into numerous disputing sects:

And they were unjust to themselves so We made them HADITHS and scattered them with an utter scattering. 34:19

The verses below predict the socio-politico-economic as well as spiritual decline of the current Muhammadans, who are mainly followers of various hadiths instead of ‘the best hadith’, i.e. the Quran:

Should We treat those who submit as those who are wrongdoers?

What is wrong with you then, how do you judge?

Or do you have another Book which you study?

In it, you find all that you may wish to find?

Or do you have an oath from Us … that you can judge as you please? …

Or do they have divine associates?…

So leave Me alone with him who gives the lie to this HADITH. We shall bring them low, step by step, by ways which they know not. 68:35-44

As for those who give the lie to Our messages, We shall bring them low, step by step, by ways which they know not. …

… Then in which HADITH after this will they believe? 7:182, 185

Here ‘Our messages’ definitely refers to the Quran, in contrast to the hadith, e.g.: These are God’s messages that We recite unto thee in truth. So, in which HADITH after God and His messages will they believe? 45:6 (cf. Such is God, your Sustainer, the Ultimate Truth. So what is after the Truth, except misguidance? How then are you turned away! 10:32).

Please carefully read the contexts of these verses containing the word ‘hadith’: the first contains a prophetic description of the followers of hadith (68:35-44); the second states that Muhammad – like all those revered as sectarian idols – was no more than a powerless human (7:186-194).

The Quran prohibited hadith2

SUMMARY

Based on the above discussion, we can summarise the main objections the Quran makes to hadiths:

The Quran:

  • Disapproves all hadiths apart from the Quran (39:18-23, 52:34, 56:81, 4:87, 18:6, 77:50, 53:59);
  • Predicts that Muslim polytheists would call their forged teachings hadith (7:185, 12:111; 31:6; 33:38; 35:43; 45:6; 52:34; 77:50);
  • Distances itself from all hadiths (12:111);
  • Instructs to keep distance from hadithmongers who would mock the Quranic messages and import corruption to Islam (6:68, 4:140);
  • Predicts and warns about Imams of Hadith and hadithists, who would invest their time in unfounded hadiths and thus would import corruption to Islam, making mockery of the Quran (31:6);
  • Challenges the idea that it needs hadith as a supplement (45:6-9, 26:222);
  • Declares that minds polluted with hadiths would hardly understand the Quran (56:79-82);
  • Discourages listening to hadiths (33:53) and criticizes their sharing, reporting and spreading (66:3); and
  • Warns that hadiths would degrade the Muslims and split them up into sects (23:44-54, 34:19, 68:35-44, 7:182-194).
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8 thoughts on “The Quran prohibited hadiths

  1. Wherever the word ‘hadith’ appears in the Quran to denote anything besides the Quran – in all the 20 instances – it is always used in a negative sense and in a tone of strong disapproval (4:42, 4:78, 4:87, 4:140, 6:68, 7:185, 12:111, 18:6, 23:44, 31:6, 33:53, 34:19, 39:23, 45:6, 52:34, 53:59, 56:81, 66:3, 68:44, 77:50):

    (4:42:14) ḥadīthan يَوْمَئِذٍ يَوَدُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَعَصَوُا الرَّسُولَ لَوْ تُسَوَّىٰ بِهِمُ الْأَرْضُ وَلَا يَكْتُمُونَ اللَّهَ حَدِيثًا
    (4:78:36) ḥadīthan فَمَالِ هَٰؤُلَاءِ الْقَوْمِ لَا يَكَادُونَ يَفْقَهُونَ حَدِيثًا
    (4:87:17) ḥadīthan وَمَنْ أَصْدَقُ مِنَ اللَّهِ حَدِيثًا
    (4:140:21) ḥadīthin فَلَا تَقْعُدُوا مَعَهُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَخُوضُوا فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِ
    (6:68:12) ḥadīthin فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَخُوضُوا فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِ
    (7:185:20) ḥadīthin فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَهُ يُؤْمِنُونَ
    (12:111:10) ḥadīthan مَا كَانَ حَدِيثًا يُفْتَرَىٰ وَلَٰكِنْ تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ
    (18:6:10) l-ḥadīthi فَلَعَلَّكَ بَاخِعٌ نَفْسَكَ عَلَىٰ آثَارِهِمْ إِنْ لَمْ يُؤْمِنُوا بِهَٰذَا الْحَدِيثِ أَسَفًا
    (23:44:15) aḥādītha فَأَتْبَعْنَا بَعْضَهُمْ بَعْضًا وَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ أَحَادِيثَ
    (31:6:6) l-ḥadīthi وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يَشْتَرِي لَهْوَ الْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ
    (33:53:26) liḥadīthin فَإِذَا طَعِمْتُمْ فَانْتَشِرُوا وَلَا مُسْتَأْنِسِينَ لِحَدِيثٍ
    (34:19:9) aḥādītha فَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ أَحَادِيثَ وَمَزَّقْنَاهُمْ كُلَّ مُمَزَّقٍ
    (39:23:4) l-ḥadīthi اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابًا مُتَشَابِهًا مَثَانِيَ
    (45:6:8) ḥadīthin فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَ اللَّهِ وَآيَاتِهِ يُؤْمِنُونَ
    (52:34:2) biḥadīthin فَلْيَأْتُوا بِحَدِيثٍ مِثْلِهِ إِنْ كَانُوا صَادِقِينَ
    (53:59:3) l-ḥadīthi أَفَمِنْ هَٰذَا الْحَدِيثِ تَعْجَبُونَ
    (56:81:2) l-ḥadīthi أَفَبِهَٰذَا الْحَدِيثِ أَنْتُمْ مُدْهِنُونَ
    (66:3:7) ḥadīthan وَإِذْ أَسَرَّ النَّبِيُّ إِلَىٰ بَعْضِ أَزْوَاجِهِ حَدِيثًا
    (68:44:5) l-ḥadīthi فَذَرْنِي وَمَنْ يُكَذِّبُ بِهَٰذَا الْحَدِيثِ
    (77:50:2) ḥadīthin فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَهُ يُؤْمِنُونَ

    Apart from the above 20 occurrences of the word ‘hadith’ in the Quran, the genitive plural noun ‘al-ahadithi’, which means ‘interpretation of stories’, occurs in three instances, all in the chapter ‘Joseph’ (12:6, 12:21, 12:101):

    (12:6:7) l-aḥādīthi وَكَذَٰلِكَ يَجْتَبِيكَ رَبُّكَ وَيُعَلِّمُكَ مِنْ تَأْوِيلِ الْأَحَادِيثِ
    (12:21:23) l-aḥādīthi وَكَذَٰلِكَ مَكَّنَّا لِيُوسُفَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلِنُعَلِّمَهُ مِنْ تَأْوِيلِ الْأَحَادِيثِ
    (12:101:9) l-aḥādīthi رَبِّ قَدْ آتَيْتَنِي مِنَ الْمُلْكِ وَعَلَّمْتَنِي مِنْ تَأْوِيلِ الْأَحَادِيثِ

    Also, the nominative noun ‘hadithu’, which means story, appears in five verses (20:9, 51:24, 79:15, 85:17, 88:1), all in form of questions:

    (20:9:3) ḥadīthu وَهَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ مُوسَىٰ
    (51:24:3) ḥadīthu هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ ضَيْفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْمُكْرَمِينَ
    (79:15:3) ḥadīthu هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ مُوسَىٰ
    (85:17:3) ḥadīthu هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْجُنُودِ
    (88:1:3) ḥadīthu هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ

    Thus there are in the Quran total 28 verses containing the word ‘hadith’ used as a noun (another 8 in other forms)

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